Ionic and non-ionic intravenous X-ray contrast media: antibacterial agents?

Mosler, Frank; Richter, Johannes K.; Schindewolf, Marc; Mertineit, Nando; von Tengg-Kobligk, Hendrik; Heverhagen, Johannes T.; Nöldge, Gerd (2021). Ionic and non-ionic intravenous X-ray contrast media: antibacterial agents? (In Press). Acta radiologica, p. 2841851211019804. Sage 10.1177/02841851211019804

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X-ray contrast media have been reported to have inhibitory effects on bacterial growth. Despite its potentially beneficial effect on patients, these features of contrast media have received relatively little attention in the medical literature in the past decades. The aim of this review is to evaluate the literature concerning the bactericidal and bacteriostatic effects of X-ray contrast media, specifically if there is a known difference concerning these effects between ionic and non-ionic contrast media. Systematic literature review was performed for the years of publication between 1911 and 2019. Since the publication of Grossich in 1911, the effect of iodine on the treatment of superficial infections in surgical procedures has been established clinical knowledge. Bacteriostatic and bactericidal effects of ionic X-ray contrast media are well established. However, non-ionic contrast agents have been the subject of little research in this respect. In past decades, the hypothesis emerged in the literature that mainly the concentration of free iodine might be responsible for any bacteriostatic or bactericidal effect of ionic X-ray contrast media. Nowadays, however, only non-ionic contrast media are used. The question regarding the mechanism and magnitude of bacteriostatic or bactericidal effects of these, non-ionic contrast media, could not be answered conclusively from this review. Non-ionic contrast media could be used intentionally when a local antibacterial effect is intended (e.g. in percutaneous abscess drainage), as well as to reduce the overall dose of antibiotics administered to a patient. Thus, this question remains relevant and might constitute the area of future research.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Angiology

UniBE Contributor:

Mosler, Frank; Richter, Johannes Konstantin; Schindewolf, Marc; Mertineit, Nando; von Tengg-Kobligk, Hendrik and Heverhagen, Johannes

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0284-1851

Publisher:

Sage

Language:

English

Submitter:

Maria de Fatima Henriques Bernardo

Date Deposited:

22 Jun 2021 12:33

Last Modified:

23 Jun 2021 01:34

Publisher DOI:

10.1177/02841851211019804

PubMed ID:

34056917

Uncontrolled Keywords:

X-ray contrast media bactericidal effect bacteriostatic effect ionic contrast media non-ionic contrast media

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/156684

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/156684

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