Titanium isotopic compositions of bulk rocks and mineral separates from the Kos magmatic suite: Insights into fractional crystallization and magma mixing processes

Greber, Nicolas D.; Pettke, Thomas; Vilela, Nicolas; Lanari, Pierre; Dauphas, Nicolas (2021). Titanium isotopic compositions of bulk rocks and mineral separates from the Kos magmatic suite: Insights into fractional crystallization and magma mixing processes. Chemical geology, 578, p. 120303. Elsevier 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2021.120303

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Terrestrial and extraterrestrial rocks exhibit significant variations in their mass-dependent Ti isotopic compositions, with basalts being isotopically lighter than evolved lithologies. The observed trend from light to heavy Ti isotopic compositions from more primitive to more differentiated rocks agrees with theoretical predictions that light Ti isotopes are sequestered in Fe–Ti oxides. However, there are lingering questions about the exact extent of this fractionation and whether it is influenced by the nature of oxides and silicate melt. To improve on this matter, we measured the Ti isotopic compositions of mineral separates and bulk rocks from the calc-alkaline Kos volcano-plutonic system, Aegean arc, Greece. Bulk rock Ti isotopic compositions (δ49Ti) increase with differentiation of the magmatic system, from δ49Ti of +0.042 ± 0.033‰ in basalt to +0.654 ± 0.034‰ in rhyolite. We document two different Ti isotope trends produced by (i) fractional crystallization, and (ii) mixing between a basaltic melt and an evolved (rhyolitic) magma. Trend (i) can be explained by a melt-cumulate Ti isotopic fraction factor α of 0.9998 (i.e., the bulk cumulate is on average 0.20‰ lighter than the melt). The mineral separates reveal variable δ49Ti values, with magnetite having the lightest 49Ti/47Ti isotopic composition, biotite being intermediate and neso- and tectosilicates (i.e., olivine, plagioclase and quartz) heaviest. Comparing the TiO2 concentrations of the low-Ti minerals olivine, plagioclase and quartz determined with LA-ICP-MS and isotope dilution shows that the δ49Ti values measured in these minerals reflect their isotopic compositions, and contamination by inclusions is minimal. The difference in δ49Ti between different minerals is smallest in a basalt (Δ49Tiolivine-magnetite = +0.426) and largest in two rhyolites (Δ49Tiquartz-magnetite = +1.083; both ± 0.046‰). Our data agree with theoretical predictions that Fe–Ti oxides have a light δ49Ti signature, and neso/tectosilicate minerals are heavy. Furthermore, the measured difference in δ49Ti between magnetite-olivine, magnetite-plagioclase and magnetite-quartz agree to first order with theoretically predicted inter-mineral Ti isotopic fractionation factors, thus suggesting that the measured inter-mineral Ti isotopic variations are equilibrium in nature.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Greber, Nicolas; Pettke, Thomas; Vilela, Nicolas and Lanari, Pierre

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

0009-2541

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Nicolas Greber

Date Deposited:

21 Jun 2021 15:14

Last Modified:

27 Jun 2021 03:07

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.chemgeo.2021.120303

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/156737

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/156737

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