Dietary Intake and Diet Quality of Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer and the General Population: Results from the SCCSS-Nutrition Study.

Belle, Fabiën N.; Chatelan, Angeline; Kasteler, Rahel; Mader, Luzius; Guessous, Idris; Beck-Popovic, Maja; Ansari, Marc; Kuehni, Claudia E.; Bochud, Murielle (2021). Dietary Intake and Diet Quality of Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer and the General Population: Results from the SCCSS-Nutrition Study. Nutrients, 13(6), p. 1767. Molecular Diversity Preservation International MDPI 10.3390/nu13061767

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Childhood cancer survivors (CCSs) are at increased risk of developing chronic health conditions. This may potentially be reduced by a balanced diet. We aimed to compare dietary intake and diet quality using the Alternative Healthy Eating Index (AHEI) of adult CCSs and the general Swiss population. A food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was completed by CCSs with a median age of 34 (IQR: 29-40) years. We compared dietary intake of 775 CCSs to two population-based cohorts who completed the same FFQ: 1276 CoLaus and 2529 Bus Santé study participants. CCSs consumed particular inadequate amounts of fiber and excessive amounts of sodium and saturated fat. Dietary intake was similar in CCSs and the general population. The mean AHEI was low with 49.8 in CCSs (men: 47.7, women: 51.9), 52.3 in CoLaus (men: 50.2, women: 54.0), and 53.7 in Bus Santé (men: 51.8, women: 54.4) out of a maximum score of 110. The AHEI scores for fish, fruit, vegetables, and alcohol were worse in CCSs than in the general population, whereas the score for sugar-sweetened beverages was better (all p < 0.001). Diet quality at follow-up did not differ between clinical characteristics of CCSs. Long-term CCSs and the general population have poor dietary intake and quality in Switzerland, which suggests similar population-based interventions for everyone.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM)

UniBE Contributor:

Belle, Fabien Naomi; Kasteler, Rahel; Mader, Luzius Adrian and Kühni, Claudia

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2072-6643

Publisher:

Molecular Diversity Preservation International MDPI

Funders:

[189] Swiss Cancer Research = Krebsforschung Schweiz

Language:

English

Submitter:

Andrea Flükiger-Flückiger

Date Deposited:

08 Jun 2021 15:58

Last Modified:

23 Feb 2022 14:19

Publisher DOI:

10.3390/nu13061767

PubMed ID:

34067298

Additional Information:

Kuehni and Bochud contributed equally to this work (shared last authorship).

Uncontrolled Keywords:

AHEI Europe Swiss Childhood Cancer Registry childhood cancer survivors dietary intake food frequency questionnaire

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/156746

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/156746

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