Screw stability of CAD-CAM titanium and zirconia abutments on different implants: An in vitro study.

Yilmaz, Burak; Cakmak, Gülce; Batak, Burcu; Johnston, William M (2021). Screw stability of CAD-CAM titanium and zirconia abutments on different implants: An in vitro study. Clinical implant dentistry and related research, 23(3), pp. 373-379. Wiley 10.1111/cid.13001

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BACKGROUND

Limited information is available regarding the removal torque values (RTVs) of screws of different abutment materials when used with different implants.

PURPOSE

To evaluate the effect of implant type and abutment material (zirconia; Zir and titanium; Ti) on the RTVs of abutment screws after cyclic loading.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Internal conical connection implants (CC, OsseoSpeed TX) and modified internal conical connection implants (MCC, OsseoSpeed EV) (n = 10) were clamped in resin dies. Zir and Ti (N = 20) custom abutments were tightened to implants (20 Ncm for CC and 25 Ncm for MCC) as specified by their manufacturers. The abutments were cyclically loaded by using a sequentially increased loading protocol; 2-million cycles under 100 N, 3-million cycles under 200 N, and 2-million cycles under 300 N loads with 2 Hz. After 7 million cycles, RTVs (Ncm) were measured by using a torque gauge. The data were analyzed with ANOVA by using the restricted maximum likelihood estimation method. Tukey-Kramer adjustment was used for any significant interaction of implant-abutment pairs (α = 0.05).

RESULTS

Two CC implants, 1 with Ti and 1 with Zir abutment, fractured during cyclic loading (under 300 N loads within the 6th and 7th million cycles) and discarded for statistical analysis. Only implant type had a significant effect on RTVs (p <0.001). Screws of Ti abutments on MCC implants had significantly higher RTVs than the screws of Ti (p = 0.003) and Zir (p = 0.005) abutments on CC implants.

CONCLUSIONS

Implant type affected the RTVs, however, the RTVs were higher than the initial torque values for all groups. Screws of Ti abutments on implant, which required greater initial torque values had higher RTVs than the screws of Ti and Zir abutments on the implant that required smaller initial torque values. RTVs were similar for Zir and Ti abutment screws within each implant type.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Reconstructive Dentistry and Gerodontology
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Preventive, Restorative and Pediatric Dentistry

UniBE Contributor:

Yilmaz, Burak and Cakmak, Gülce

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1708-8208

Publisher:

Wiley

Language:

English

Submitter:

Tina Lauper

Date Deposited:

28 Jun 2021 11:09

Last Modified:

28 Jun 2021 11:09

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/cid.13001

PubMed ID:

33938119

Uncontrolled Keywords:

abutment internal conical connection removal torque screw zirconia

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/156965

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/156965

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