Inconsistent Results for Peto Odds Ratios in Multi-Arm Studies, Network Meta-Analysis and Indirect Comparisons.

Schwarzer, Guido; Efthimiou, Orestis; Rücker, Gerta (2021). Inconsistent Results for Peto Odds Ratios in Multi-Arm Studies, Network Meta-Analysis and Indirect Comparisons. Research Synthesis Methods, 12(6), pp. 849-854. Wiley 10.1002/jrsm.1503

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The Peto odds ratio is a well known effect measure in meta-analysis of binary outcomes. For pairwise comparisons, the Peto odds ratio estimator can be severely biased in the situation of unbalanced sample sizes in the two treatment groups or large treatment effects. In this publication, we evaluate Peto odds ratio estimators in the setting of multi-armstudies and in network meta-analysis using illustrative examples. We observe that Peto odds ratio estimators in a multi-arm study are inconsistent if the observed event probabilities are different or the sample sizes of treatment groups are unbalanced. The same problem emerges in network meta-analysis including only two-arm studies and translates to indirect comparisons of pairwise meta-analyses. We conclude that the Peto odds ratio should not be used as effect measure in network meta-analysis or indirect comparisons of pairwise meta-analyses. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM)

UniBE Contributor:

Efthimiou, Orestis

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services

ISSN:

1759-2879

Publisher:

Wiley

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Kopp Heim

Date Deposited:

23 Jun 2021 10:59

Last Modified:

06 Nov 2021 00:12

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/jrsm.1503

PubMed ID:

34133079

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Peto odds ratio binary outcome inconsistency indirect comparison multi-arm study network meta-analysis

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/157078

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/157078

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