Trampoline related injuries in children: risk factors and radiographic findings

Klimek, Peter Michael; Juen, David; Stranzinger, Enno; Wolf, Rainer Walter; Slongo, Theddy (2013). Trampoline related injuries in children: risk factors and radiographic findings. World journal of pediatrics WJP, 9(2), pp. 169-174. Hangzhou: SP Children’s Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine 10.1007/s12519-013-0416-2

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Backyard trampolines are immensely popular among children, but are associated with an increase of trampoline-related injuries. The aim of this study was to evaluate radiographs of children with trampoline related injuries and to determine the risk factors.

Between 2003 and 2009, 286 children under the age of 16 with backyard trampoline injuries were included in the study. The number of injuries increased from 13 patients in 2003 to 86 in 2009. The median age of the 286 patients was 7 years (range: 1–15 years). Totally 140 (49%) patients were males, and 146 (51%) females. Medical records and all available diagnostic imaging were reviewed. A questionnaire was sent to the parents to evaluate the circumstances of each injury, the type of trampoline, the protection equipment and the experience of the children using the trampoline. The study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee of the University Hospital of Bern.

The questionnaires and radiographs of the 104 patients were available for evaluation. A fracture was sustained in 51 of the 104 patients. More than 75% of all patients sustaining injuries and in 90% of patients with fractures were jumping on the trampoline with other children at the time of the accident. The most common fractures were supracondylar humeral fractures (29%) and forearm fractures (25%). Fractures of the proximal tibia occurred especially in younger children between 2–5 years of age.

Children younger than 5 years old are at risk for specific proximal tibia fractures (“Trampoline Fracture”). A child jumping simultaneously with other children has a higher risk of suffering from a fracture.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology

UniBE Contributor:

Stranzinger, Enno; Wolf, Rainer Walter and Slongo, Theddy


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




SP Children’s Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine




Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:39

Last Modified:

22 Oct 2019 18:23

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Web of Science ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

fracture, injuries, prevention, trampoline



URI: (FactScience: 223168)

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