Bet v 1 contiguous overlapping peptides anchored to virosomes with TLR4 agonist enhance immunotherapy efficacy in mice.

Airouche, Sabi; Beltrami, Vanya; Fleury, Sylvain; Batard, Thierry; Bordas-Le Floch, Véronique; Stegmann, Toon; Amacker, Mario; Kettner, Alexander; Mascarell, Laurent (2021). Bet v 1 contiguous overlapping peptides anchored to virosomes with TLR4 agonist enhance immunotherapy efficacy in mice. Clinical and experimental allergy, 51(2), pp. 339-349. Wiley 10.1111/cea.13814

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BACKGROUND

Whereas sublingual allergen immunotherapy (AIT) is routinely performed without any adjuvant or delivery system, there is a strong scientific rationale to better target the allergen(s) to oral dendritic cells known to support regulatory immune responses by using appropriate presentation platforms.

OBJECTIVE

To identify a safe presentation platform able to enhance allergen-specific tolerance induction.

METHODS

Virosomes with membrane-integrated contiguous overlapping peptides (COPs) of Bet v 1 and TLR4 or TLR2/TLR7 agonists were assessed for induction of Bet v 1-specific IgG1, IgG2a and IgE antibodies, hypersensitivity reactions and body temperature drop following subcutaneous injection in naive CD-1 mice. The most promising candidate, Bet v 1 COPs anchored to virosomes with membrane-incorporated TLR4 agonist (Vir.A-Bet v 1 COPs), was further evaluated by the sublingual route in a therapeutic setting in BALB/c mice with birch pollen-induced allergic asthma. Airway hyperresponsiveness, pro-inflammatory cells in bronchoalveolar lavages and polarization of Th cells in the lungs and spleen were then assessed.

RESULTS

Both types of adjuvanted virosomes coupled to Bet v 1 COPs triggered a boosted Th1 immunity. Given a more favourable safety profile, Vir.A-Bet v 1 COPs were further evaluated and shown to able to fully reverse asthma symptoms and lung inflammation in a sublingual therapeutic model of birch pollen allergy.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE

We report herein for the first time on the capacity of a novel and safe presentation platform, that is virosomes with membrane-integrated TLR4 agonist, to improve dramatically sublingual AIT efficacy in a murine model due to its intrinsic dual properties of targeting and stimulating to further promote anti-allergic immune responses. As such, our study paves the ground for further clinical development of this allergen presentation platform for patients suffering from respiratory allergies.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Forschungsbereich Mu50 > Forschungsgruppe Pneumologie (Erwachsene)

UniBE Contributor:

Amacker, Mario

ISSN:

1365-2222

Publisher:

Wiley

Language:

English

Submitter:

Heidi Lobsiger

Date Deposited:

15 Jul 2021 13:59

Last Modified:

15 Jul 2021 13:59

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/cea.13814

PubMed ID:

33368719

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Bet v 1 contiguous overlapping peptides allergen immunotherapy virosomes

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/157439

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/157439

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