Adaptations and responses of the common dandelion to low atmospheric pressure in high‐altitude environments

Arce, Carla C. M.; Bont, Zoe; Machado, Ricardo A. R.; Cristaldo, Paulo F.; Erb, Matthias (2021). Adaptations and responses of the common dandelion to low atmospheric pressure in high‐altitude environments. Journal of ecology, 109(10), pp. 3487-3501. Wiley 10.1111/1365-2745.13736

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Atmospheric pressure is an important, yet understudied factor that may shape plant ecology and evolution.
By growing plants under controlled conditions at different experimental stations in the Swiss alps, we evaluated the impact of ecologically realistic atmospheric pressures between 660 and 950 hPa on the growth and defence of different dandelion populations.
Low atmospheric pressure was associated with reduced root growth and defensive sesquiterpene lactone production. Defence suppression only occurred in populations originating from lower altitudes. Populations from higher altitudes constitutively produced less sesquiterpene lactones and did not suffer from suppression under low atmospheric pressure.
Synthesis. We conclude that atmospheric pressure modulates root growth and defence traits, and that evolutionary history shapes plant phenotypic responses to atmospheric pressure. Our findings have important implications for our understanding of altitudinal gradients and the future use of plants as a source of food and bioactive metabolites in extraterrestrial habitats.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Biotic Interactions

UniBE Contributor:

Bont, Zoe Kalina; Machado, Ricardo and Erb, Matthias

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0022-0477

Publisher:

Wiley

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

06 Aug 2021 16:08

Last Modified:

14 Oct 2021 07:42

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/1365-2745.13736

Uncontrolled Keywords:

adaptation; altitude gradient; atmospheric pressure; dandelion; defence; intraspecific variation; phenotypic plasticity; secondary metabolites

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/157907

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/157907

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