Music, perceived arousal, and intensity: psychophysiological reactions to Chopin's "Tristesse"

Mikutta, Christian Alexander; Schwab, Simon; Niederhauser, Sandra; Wuermle, Othmar; Strik, Werner; Altorfer, Andreas (2013). Music, perceived arousal, and intensity: psychophysiological reactions to Chopin's "Tristesse". Psychophysiology, 50(9), pp. 909-919. Malden, Mass.: Wiley-Blackwell 10.1111/psyp.12071

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The present study investigates the relation of perceived arousal (continuous self-rating), autonomic nervous system activity (heart rate, heart rate variability) and musical characteristics (sound intensity, musical rhythm) upon listening to a complex musical piece. Twenty amateur musicians listened to two performances of Chopin's "Tristesse" with different rhythmic shapes. Besides conventional statistical methods for analyzing psychophysiological reactions (heart rate, respiration rate) and musical variables, semblance analysis was used. Perceived arousal correlated strongly with sound intensity; heart rate showed only a partial response to changes in sound intensity. Larger changes in heart rate were caused by the version with more rhythmic tension. The low-/high-frequency ratio of heart rate variability increased-whereas the high frequency component decreased-during music listening. We conclude that autonomic nervous system activity can be modulated not only by sound intensity but also by the interpreter's use of rhythmic tension. Semblance analysis enables us to track the subtle correlations between musical and physiological variables.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > Psychiatric Neurophysiology (discontinued)
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > Management

UniBE Contributor:

Mikutta, Christian; Schwab, Simon; Würmle, Othmar; Strik, Werner and Altorfer, Andreas

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0048-5772

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:39

Last Modified:

24 Jan 2016 08:26

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/psyp.12071

PubMed ID:

23763714

Web of Science ID:

000323129500010

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.15791

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/15791 (FactScience: 223244)

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