First absolute chronologies of neolithic and bronze age settlements at Lake Ohrid based on dendrochronology and radiocarbon dating

Hafner, Albert; Reich, Johannes; Ballmer, Ariane; Bolliger, Matthias; Antolín, Ferran; Charles, Mike; Emmenegger, Lea; Fandré, Josiane; Francuz, John; Gobet, Erika; Hostettler, Marco; Lotter, André F.; Maczkowski, Andrej; Morales-Molino, César; Naumov, Goce; Stäheli, Corinne; Szidat, Sönke; Taneski, Bojan; Todoroska, Valentina; Bogaard, Amy; ... (2021). First absolute chronologies of neolithic and bronze age settlements at Lake Ohrid based on dendrochronology and radiocarbon dating. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 38, p. 103107. Elsevier 10.1016/j.jasrep.2021.103107

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Specialized and systematic underwater fieldwork at the prehistoric site of Ploča Mičov Grad at Gradište (North Macedonia) on the eastern shore of Lake Ohrid was undertaken in 2018 and 2019. It has substantiated the archeological site’s outstanding preservation condition, and furthermore proven the numerous construction timbers’ suitability for dendrochronological analysis. Dendrochronological analysis on archaeological timbers was applied, combined with radiocarbon dating. Bayesian radiocarbon modeling allowed to ‘wiggle match’ the dendrochronological mean curves, i.e. allowed the precise chronological anchoring of ‘floating’ tree-ring sequences. Furthermore, radiocarbon dates of plant remains from the site’s main archaeological layer are statistically evaluated. Based on the new findings, the strikingly high density of wooden piles at the site can be attributed to several construction phases of Neolithic (middle of 5th millennium BC) and Bronze Age (2nd millennium BC: 1800, 1400 and 1300 BCE) settlements. Intense settlement activity is furthermore evidenced by a cultural layer of mainly organic material under the lakebed up to 1.7 m in thickness, which accumulated during the Neolithic occupation of the bay in the middle of the 5th millennium BC. The presented research enables precise absolute dating of a series of settlement phases at Ploča Mičov Grad from the Neolithic and the Bronze Age, and hence provides important reference points for an absolute chronological framework for the prehistory of the southwestern Balkans. The investigations underline the potential of future research on waterlogged prehistoric settlements in the region.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of History and Archaeology > Institute of Archaeological Sciences
10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry, Biochemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences (DCBP)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Palaeoecology
06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of History and Archaeology > Institute of Archaeological Sciences > Pre- and Early History
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

Graduate School:

Graduate School of Climate Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Hafner, Albert; Reich, Johannes Jakob; Ballmer, Ariane Thu; Bolliger, Matthias; Francuz, John; Gobet, Erika; Hostettler, Marco; Maczkowski, Andrej; Morales del Molino, Cesar; Szidat, Sönke and Tinner, Willy

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 540 Chemistry
900 History > 930 History of ancient world (to ca. 499)

ISSN:

2352-409X

Publisher:

Elsevier

Funders:

[UNSPECIFIED] Institute of Archaeological Sciences, University of Bern ; [UNSPECIFIED] Association of Swiss Underwater Archaeology ; [UNSPECIFIED] Johanna Dürmüller-Bol Foundation, Muri b. Bern ; [UNSPECIFIED] European Union’s Horizon 2020 grant agreement No 810586

Language:

English

Submitter:

Albert Hafner-Lafitte

Date Deposited:

10 Aug 2021 09:09

Last Modified:

15 Aug 2021 03:10

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jasrep.2021.103107

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/157955

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/157955

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