The assessment of cognition in visually impaired older adults

Killen, Alison; Firbank, Michael J; Collerton, Daniel; Clarke, Michael; Jefferis, Joanna Mary; Taylor, John-Paul; McKeith, Ian G; Mosimann, Urs Peter (2013). The assessment of cognition in visually impaired older adults. Age and ageing, 42(1), pp. 98-102. Oxford: Oxford University Press 10.1093/ageing/afs157

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Background: visual and cognitive impairments are common in later life. Yet there are very few cognitive screening tests for the visually impaired. Objective: to screen for cognitive impairment in the visually impaired. Methods: case-control study including 150 elderly participants with visual impairment (n = 74) and a control group without visual impairment (n = 76) using vision-independent cognitive tests and cognitive screening tests (MMSE and clock drawing tests (CDT)) which are in part vision dependent. Results: the scoring of the two groups did not differ in the vision-independent cognitive tests. Visually impaired patients performed poorer than controls in the vision-dependent items of the MMSE (T = 7.3; df: 148; P < 0.001) and in CDT (T = 3.1; df: 145; P = 0.003). No group difference was found when vision-independent items were added to MMSE and CDT. The test score gain by the use of vision-independent items correlated with the severity of visual impairment (P < 0.002). Conclusion: visually impaired patients benefit from cognitive tests, which do not rely on vision. The more visually impaired the greater the benefit.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Geriatric Psychiatry and Psychotherapy

UniBE Contributor:

Mosimann, Urs Peter

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0002-0729

Publisher:

Oxford University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Pascal Wurtz

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:39

Last Modified:

23 Oct 2019 18:47

Publisher DOI:

10.1093/ageing/afs157

PubMed ID:

23108164

Web of Science ID:

000312608600017

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.15802

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/15802 (FactScience: 223255)

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