Association of Pediatric ASPECTS and NIH Stroke Scale, Hemorrhagic Transformation, and 12-Month Outcome in Children With Acute Ischemic Stroke.

Beslow, Lauren A; Vossough, Arastoo; Ichord, Rebecca N; Slavova, Nedelina; Yau, Maggie L Y; Gajera, Jay; Stojanovski, Belinda; Adil, Malik M; Breimann, Jake; Kimmel, Alexandra; Mackay, Mark T (2021). Association of Pediatric ASPECTS and NIH Stroke Scale, Hemorrhagic Transformation, and 12-Month Outcome in Children With Acute Ischemic Stroke. (In Press). Neurology American Academy of Neurology 10.1212/WNL.0000000000012558

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OBJECTIVE

We aimed to determine whether a modified pediatric Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (modASPECTS) is associated with clinical stroke severity, hemorrhagic transformation, and 12-month functional outcomes in children with acute AIS.

METHODS

Children (29 days to <18 years) with acute AIS enrolled in two institutional prospective stroke registries at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne, Australia were retrospectively analyzed to determine whether modASPECTS, in which higher scores are worse, correlated with acute Pediatric NIH Stroke Scale (PedNIHSS) scores (children ≥2 years of age), was associated with hemorrhagic transformation on acute MRI, and correlated with 12-month functional outcome on the Pediatric Stroke Outcome Measure (PSOM).

RESULTS

131 children were included; 91 were ≥2 years of age. Median days from stroke to MRI was 1 (interquartile range [IQR] 0-1). Median modASPECTS was 4 (IQR 3-7). ModASPECTS correlated with PedNIHSS (rho=0.40, P=0.0001). ModASPECTS was associated with hemorrhagic transformation (OR 1.13 95% CI 1.02-1.25, P=0.018). Among children with follow-up (N=128, median 12.2 months, IQR 9.5-15.4 months), worse outcomes were associated with higher modASPECTS (common OR 1.14, 95%CI 1.04-1.24, P=0.005). The association between modASPECTS and outcome persisted when we adjusted for age at stroke ictus and the presence of tumor or meningitis as stroke risk factors (common OR 1.14, 95%CI 1.03-1.25, P=0.008).

CONCLUSIONS

ModASPECTS correlates with PedNIHSS scores, hemorrhagic transformation, and 12-month functional outcome in children with acute AIS. Future pediatric studies should evaluate its usefulness in predicting symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage and outcome after acute revascularization therapies.

CLASSIFICATION OF EVIDENCE

This study provides Class II evidence that the modified pediatric ASPECTS on MRI is associated with stroke severity (as measured by the baseline pediatric NIH Stroke Scale), hemorrhagic transformation, and 12-month outcome in children with acute supratentorial ischemic stroke.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology

UniBE Contributor:

Slavova, Nedelina Bozhidarova

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1526-632X

Publisher:

American Academy of Neurology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Maria de Fatima Henriques Bernardo

Date Deposited:

01 Sep 2021 12:56

Last Modified:

01 Sep 2021 13:09

Publisher DOI:

10.1212/WNL.0000000000012558

PubMed ID:

34389646

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/158183

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/158183

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