Evaluating global ocean carbon models: The importance of realistic physics

Doney, S. C.; Lindsay, K.; Caldeira, K.; Campin, J.-M.; Drange, H.; Dutay, J.-C.; Follows, M.; Gao, Y.; Gnanadesikan, A.; Gruber, N.; Ishida, A.; Joos, F.; Madec, G.; Maier-Reimer, E.; Marshall, J. C.; Matear, R. J.; Monfray, P.; Mouchet, A.; Najjar, R.; Orr, J. C.; ... (2004). Evaluating global ocean carbon models: The importance of realistic physics. Global biogeochemical cycles, 18(3), n/a-n/a. American Geophysical Union 10.1029/2003GB002150

[img]
Preview
Text
doney04gbc.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (2MB) | Preview

A suite of standard ocean hydrographic and circulation metrics are applied to the equilibrium physical solutions from 13 global carbon models participating in phase 2 of the Ocean Carbon-cycle Model Intercomparison Project (OCMIP-2). Model-data comparisons are presented for sea surface temperature and salinity, seasonal mixed layer depth, meridional heat and freshwater transport, 3-D hydrographic fields, and meridional overturning. Considerable variation exists among the OCMIP-2 simulations, with some of the solutions falling noticeably outside available observational constraints. For some cases, model-model and model-data differences can be related to variations in surface forcing, subgrid-scale parameterizations, and model architecture. These errors in the physical metrics point to significant problems in the underlying model representations of ocean transport and dynamics, problems that directly affect the OCMIP predicted ocean tracer and carbon cycle variables (e.g., air-sea CO2 flux, chlorofluorocarbon and anthropogenic CO2 uptake, and export production). A substantial fraction of the large model-model ranges in OCMIP-2 biogeochemical fields (±25–40%) represents the propagation of known errors in model physics. Therefore the model-model spread likely overstates the uncertainty in our current understanding of the ocean carbon system, particularly for transport-dominated fields such as the historical uptake of anthropogenic CO2. A full error assessment, however, would need to account for additional sources of uncertainty such as more complex biological-chemical-physical interactions, biases arising from poorly resolved or neglected physical processes, and climate change.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Climate and Environmental Physics

UniBE Contributor:

Joos, Fortunat and Plattner, Gian-Kasper

Subjects:

500 Science > 530 Physics

ISSN:

0886-6236

Publisher:

American Geophysical Union

Language:

English

Submitter:

BORIS Import 2

Date Deposited:

08 Sep 2021 13:26

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:52

Publisher DOI:

10.1029/2003GB002150

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/158469

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/158469

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback