Continuous extraction of trapped air from bubble ice or water for on-line determination of isotope ratios

Huber, Christof; Leuenberger, Markus; Zumbrunnen, Oliver (2003). Continuous extraction of trapped air from bubble ice or water for on-line determination of isotope ratios. Analytical chemistry, 75(10), pp. 2324-2332. American Chemical Society 10.1021/ac0263972

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We describe a new continuous extraction system for trapped air from bubble ice or water for on-line determination of the isotopic composition of the main air components nitrogen and oxygen (δ15N, δ18O, and δ17O). Studies of the composition of air from bubbles trapped in polar ice are providing fundamental information about ancient atmospheric composition and, therefore, are an important tool to learn more about Earth's climate. The new system proved to work reliably for standard air admixed and subsequently removed from a water stream. The precision (1 SD) of standard measurements is ∼0.04‰ for δ15N, ∼0.1‰ for δ18O, and ∼0.15‰ for δ17O. Ice measurements with the new on-line system are promising. Continuous measurements of nitrogen as well as oxygen isotope ratios can be performed with a spatial resolution of ∼3 cm and nearly the same precision as for the standards. However, the measured δ values of ice are generally lower, as compared to ice measured with conventional techniques, as a result of a time-dependent dissolution process of air in water associated with kinetic fractionation, which affects standard and sample differently. By modeling the dynamics of the this dissolution process, we found a reason for the lack of accuracy and propose an improvement of the system that will lead to a better accuracy of the ice measurements.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Climate and Environmental Physics

UniBE Contributor:

Leuenberger, Markus

Subjects:

500 Science > 530 Physics

ISSN:

0003-2700

Publisher:

American Chemical Society

Language:

English

Submitter:

BORIS Import 2

Date Deposited:

31 Aug 2021 12:15

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:52

Publisher DOI:

10.1021/ac0263972

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/158550

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/158550

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