Simulating changes in the terrestrial biosphere during the last glacial/interglacial transition

Köhler, Peter; Fischer, Hubertus (2004). Simulating changes in the terrestrial biosphere during the last glacial/interglacial transition. Global and planetary change, 43(1-2), pp. 33-55. Elsevier Science 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2004.02.005

[img] Text
koehler04gpc.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (947kB) | Request a copy

The state of the terrestrial biosphere during the Holocene and the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) was estimated from data bases and steady state simulations in former studies. Here, we use these previous estimates and run a simple globally averaged box model of the terrestrial carbon stocks driven by various paleorecords (temperature, pCO2, sea level) from the LGM across termination I to the Holocene to determine which forcing might be appropriate to explain observed changes in the biosphere. Former forcing strength of this type of model on recent climate changes is not transferable to our problem of glacial/interglacial variations. The modelled terrestrial carbon stock at the LGM is about 1600 PgC, 600 PgC less than in preindustrial times. The oceanic release of carbon during the last 20 ky seems to be in phase with the atmospheric pCO2 record, but four times larger than the pCO2 increase due to the build-up of the terrestrial stocks. Calculated changes in oceanic δ13C correspond well with data and suggest not only a significant role of the biosphere on atmospheric δ13C during stable climate conditions such as the LGM or the Holocene, but also during the transition. A final identification of the relative importance of either climate change or CO2 fertilization for fixation of carbon in the terrestrial biosphere is not yet possible.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Climate and Environmental Physics

UniBE Contributor:

Fischer, Hubertus


500 Science > 530 Physics




Elsevier Science




BORIS Import 2

Date Deposited:

16 Sep 2021 11:07

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:52

Publisher DOI:





Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback