Enclosure of air during metamorphosis of dry firn to ice

Stauffer, B.; Schwander, J.; Oeschger, H. (1985). Enclosure of air during metamorphosis of dry firn to ice. Annals of glaciology, 6, pp. 108-112. International Glaciological Society 10.3189/1985AoG6-1-108-112

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If cold firn has reached a density of about 0.55 Mg m-3, further densificaron occurs by a sintering process which increases the contact surface between the firn grains. The pore volume is decreasing continuously but the firn remains permeable to air up to a density of 0.82 Mg m-3. At about this density the remaining air in the pore volume is closed off in isolated bubbles. We are interested in the age and the age distribution of the air enclosed in bubbles relative to the age of the surrounding ice, and are investigating the development of the pore volume in firn.

A newly constructed measuring device allows the field measurement of the amount of air which is already enclosed in bubbles of firn samples. Measurements have been made during summer 1983 in Greenland and during winter 1983/84 at the South Pole. The results are discussed and compared with results obtained with a simplified statistical sintering model, using some results of percolation theory.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)


08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Climate and Environmental Physics
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute

UniBE Contributor:

Stauffer, Bernhard and Schwander, Jakob


500 Science > 530 Physics




International Glaciological Society




BORIS Import 2

Date Deposited:

14 Oct 2021 09:18

Last Modified:

14 Oct 2021 09:22

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