Atmospheric CO2 content in the past deduced from ice core analyses

Oeschger, H.; Stauffer, B.; Neftel, A.; Schwander, J.; Zumbrunn, R. (1982). Atmospheric CO2 content in the past deduced from ice core analyses. Annals of glaciology, 3, pp. 227-232. International Glaciological Society 10.3189/S0260305500002822

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Probably the only direct way to reconstruct historic atmospheric CO2/air ratios is by measuring the air occluded in ice samples. For such studies, ice samples from very cold regions have an advantage in that the snow and ice probably never had been in contact with liquid water, which interacts with trapped atmospheric CO2. However, even ice samples from very cold regions may have additional CO2, which could have been enclosed during the formation of precipitation, adsorbed at the surface of snow and firn grains, or produced in the ice by chemical reactions on impurities. The gas in ice samples from Camp Cenand Byrd station was extracted both by a vacuum-melting and by a mechanical crushing procedure and the CO2 abundance measured by two different analytical methods. N2/O2/Ar ratios were also measured. The shift to lower CO2 concentration in both cores at a certain depth found previously is confirmed. Changes in the atmospheric CO2 concentration at the corresponding time, about the end of the last glaciation, is the probable explanation of our CO2 results.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Climate and Environmental Physics
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute

UniBE Contributor:

Stauffer, Bernhard and Schwander, Jakob

Subjects:

500 Science > 530 Physics

ISSN:

0260-3055

Publisher:

International Glaciological Society

Language:

English

Submitter:

BORIS Import 2

Date Deposited:

14 Oct 2021 09:39

Last Modified:

14 Oct 2021 09:43

Publisher DOI:

10.3189/S0260305500002822

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/158770

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/158770

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