Impact of Inter-Hospital Transfer on Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Emergency Abdominal Surgery: A Tertiary Referral Center's Perspective.

Lavanchy, Joël L.; Dubuis, Jean Baptiste; Osterwalder, Alice; Winterhalder, Sebastian; Haltmeier, Tobias; Candinas, Daniel; Schnüriger, Beat (2021). Impact of Inter-Hospital Transfer on Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Emergency Abdominal Surgery: A Tertiary Referral Center's Perspective. World journal of surgery, 45(9), pp. 2703-2711. Springer-Verlag 10.1007/s00268-021-06174-5

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BACKGROUND

In trauma patients, the impact of inter-hospital transfer has been widely studied. However, for patients undergoing emergency abdominal surgery (EAS), the effect of inter-hospital transfer on outcomes is largely unknown.

METHODS

This is a single-center, retrospective observational study. Outcomes of transferred patients undergoing EAS were compared to patients primarily admitted to a tertiary care hospital from 01/2016 to 12/2018 using univariable and multivariable analyses. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality.

RESULTS

Some 973 patients with a median (IQR) age of 58.1 (39.4-72.2) years and a median body mass index of 25.8 (22.5-29.3) kg/m2 were included. The transfer group comprised 258 (26.3%) individuals and the non-transfer group 715 (72.7%). The population was stratified in three subgroups: (1) patients with low surgical stress (n = 483, 49.6%), (2) with hollow viscus perforation (n = 188, 19.3%) and (3) with potential bowel ischemia (n = 302, 31.1%). Neither in the low surgical stress nor in the hollow viscus perforation group was the transfer status associated with mortality. However, in the potential bowel ischemia group inter-hospital transfer was a predictor for mortality (OR 3.54, 95%CI 1.03-12.12, p = 0.045). Moreover, in the hollow viscus perforation group inter-hospital transfer was a predictor for reduced hospital length of stay (RC -10.02, 95%CI -18.14/-1.90, p = 0.016) and reduced severe complications (OR 0.38, 95%CI 0.18-0.77, p = 0.008).

CONCLUSION

Other than in patients with low surgical stress or hollow viscus perforation, in patients with potential bowel ischemia inter-hospital transfer was an independent predictor for higher mortality. Taking into account the time sensitiveness of bowel ischemia, efforts should be made to avoid inter-hospital transfer in this vulnerable subgroup of patients.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Visceral Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Lavanchy, Joël Lukas; Dubuis, Jean Baptiste; Osterwalder, Alice; Winterhalder, Sebastian Johannes; Haltmeier, Tobias; Candinas, Daniel and Schnüriger, Beat

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0364-2313

Publisher:

Springer-Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Rahel Fuhrer

Date Deposited:

22 Sep 2021 15:06

Last Modified:

22 Sep 2021 15:06

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00268-021-06174-5

PubMed ID:

34059929

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/159160

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/159160

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