The Impact of Patient Age ≥80 Years on Postoperative Outcomes and Treatment Costs Following Pancreatic Surgery.

Andreou, Andreas; Aeschbacher, Pauline; Candinas, Daniel; Gloor, Beat (2021). The Impact of Patient Age ≥80 Years on Postoperative Outcomes and Treatment Costs Following Pancreatic Surgery. Journal of clinical medicine, 10(4) MDPI 10.3390/jcm10040696

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As life expectancy is increasing, elderly patients are evaluated more frequently for resection of benign or malignant pancreatic lesions. However, the impact of age on postoperative morbidity, mortality, and treatment costs in octogenarian patients (≥80 years) undergoing major pancreatic surgery needs further investigation. The clinicopathological data of patients who underwent pancreatic surgery between January 2015 and March 2019 in a major hepatopancreatobiliary center in Switzerland were assessed. Postoperative outcomes and hospital costs of octogenarians and younger patients were compared in univariate and multivariate regression analysis. During the study period, 346 patients underwent pancreatic resection. Pancreatoduodenectomy, distal pancreatectomy, total pancreatectomy, and other procedures were performed in 54%, 20%, 13%, and 13% of patients, respectively. The major postoperative morbidity rate and postoperative mortality rate were 25% and 3.5%, respectively. A total of 39 patients (11%) were ≥80 years old, and 307 patients were <80 years old. The majority of octogenarians suffered from ductal adenocarcinoma, whereas among younger patients, other indications for a pancreatic resection were predominant (ductal adenocarcinoma 64% vs. 41%, p = 0.006). Age ≥80 was associated with more frequent postoperative medical (pulmonary, cardiovascular) and surgical (high-grade pancreatic fistula, postoperative hemorrhage) complications. Postoperative mortality was significantly higher in octogenarians (15.4% vs. 2%, p < 0.0001). This finding may be explained by the higher rate of type C pancreatic fistula (13% vs. 5%), resulting more frequently in postoperative hemorrhage (18% vs. 5%, p = 0.002) among patients ≥80 years old. In the multivariate logistic regression analysis, patient age ≥80 years predicted postoperative mortality independently of the tumor entity and surgical technique (p = 0.013, OR 6.71, 95% CI [1.5-30.3]). Increased major postoperative morbidity was responsible for lower cost recovery in octogenarians (94% vs. 102%, p = 0.046). In conclusion, patient age ≥80 years is associated with increased postoperative medical and surgical morbidity after major pancreatic surgery leading to lower cost recovery and a lower chance for successful resuscitation in patients requiring revisional surgery for postoperative hemorrhage and/or pancreatic fistula. In octogenarian patients suffering from pancreatic tumors, careful selection, and thorough prehabilitation is crucial to achieve the best postoperative and long-term oncologic outcomes.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Visceral Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Andreou, Andreas; Aeschbacher, Pauline; Candinas, Daniel and Gloor, Beat

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2077-0383

Publisher:

MDPI

Language:

English

Submitter:

Rahel Fuhrer

Date Deposited:

22 Sep 2021 15:35

Last Modified:

22 Sep 2021 15:35

Publisher DOI:

10.3390/jcm10040696

PubMed ID:

33578965

Uncontrolled Keywords:

cost recovery elderly morbidity mortality octogenarian pancreatic surgery

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/159214

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/159214

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