Passing the thrombus in endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke: Do we penetrate the thrombus?

Mordasini, Pasquale; Brekenfeld, Caspar; Fischer, Urs; Arnold, Marcel; El-Koussy, Marwan; Schroth, Gerhard; Mattle, Heinrich; Gralla, Jan (2012). Passing the thrombus in endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke: Do we penetrate the thrombus? Neuroradiology journal NRJ, 25(2), pp. 243-250. Bologna: Centauro

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Mechanical thrombectomy is increasingly applied during the treatment of acute stroke. Various devices have been advocated with different sites of force effect at the thrombus. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the angiographic route of passing systematically and therefore to assess the site of deployment of mechanical devices in correlation to the thrombus in interventional stroke treatment. Twenty-one consecutive patients with endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke with 26 passing procedures were evaluated prospectively. Occlusion site was the M1-segment in 17 cases (65.4%), ICA termination in five cases (19.2%), M2-segment in two cases (7.7%), the A2-segment in one case (3.8%) and basilar artery in one case (3.8%). On angiographic images the microwire and microcatheter passage was evaluated by illustrating the entry point and course across the occlusion site in relation to the thrombus in different projections and in correlation to the recanalisation result. Results were correlated to the origin of the thrombi according to the TOAST criteria. In all cases the point of entry to the occlusion site was delineated laterally to the thrombus in at least one projection. The course of the wire across the occluded segment in relation to the thrombus was found to be laterally in 22 procedures (84.6%). In the majority of M1-occlusions (12/17, 70.6%) the passage was found in the cranial aspect of the thrombus. In four procedures (15.4%) angiograms in different projections did not unequivocally confirm a passage laterally to the thrombus. The route of passing the thrombus was independent of thrombus origin according to the TOAST criteria. In the majority of cases the complete route of passing the occlusion site was visualized angiographically. Entrance of the microwire and microcatheter at proximal surface of the thrombus takes place laterally to the thrombus and accordingly the passage takes place between the thrombus and the vessel wall independent of thrombus origin. A penetration of the thrombus was not observed. This route of passing has implications on deployment and transmission of force in relation to the thrombus in mechanical approaches and consequently on the development of retrieval devices.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology

UniBE Contributor:

Mordasini, Pasquale; Brekenfeld, Caspar; Fischer, Urs; Arnold, Marcel; El-Koussy, Marwan; Schroth, Gerhard; Mattle, Heinrich and Gralla, Jan

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1971-4009

Publisher:

Centauro

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:39

Last Modified:

29 Dec 2017 11:02

PubMed ID:

24028923

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/15926 (FactScience: 223427)

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