53Mn-53Cr systematics of sphalerite in enstatite chondrites

Hopp, Jens; Storck, Julian-Christopher; Ludwig, Thomas; Mostefaoui, Smail; Altherr, Rainer; Ott, Ulrich; Meyer, Hans-Peter; Trieloff, Mario (2021). 53Mn-53Cr systematics of sphalerite in enstatite chondrites. Geochimica et cosmochimica acta, 310, pp. 79-94. Elsevier Science 10.1016/j.gca.2021.07.011

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We investigated the 53Mn-53Cr isotopic composition of a suite of enstatite chondrites by in situ analyses of various mineral phases with the Cameca IMS 1280-HR ion probe at Heidelberg, Germany, and a Cameca NanoSIMS at Paris, France. Only in sphalerite we found anomalies in 53Cr/52Cr-ratios correlating with 55Mn/52Cr which are due to decay of short-lived 53Mn (t1/2 = 3.7 Ma). A sphalerite in the EH-impact melt LAP 02225 showed the largest excess of 53Cr, with 53Cr/52Cr-ratios ranging up to 2.2. The calculated initial 53Mn/55Mn-ratios are within the range of previous Mn-Cr studies. We observed a spatial variation within a large sphalerite in LAP 02225, translating in distinct initial 53Mn/55Mn values. In case of the EL3 chondrite MAC 88136 the initial 53Mn/55Mn derived for one sphalerite is at the lower end of previously reported values and may reflect a variable influence of alteration-induced exchange of common Cr. This is supported by the total reset of the 53Cr/52Cr-ratio in another sphalerite in contact with an alteration vein irrespective of high Mn/Cr-ratios. Our observed initial 53Mn/55Mn-ratios of Sahara 97158, Indarch and EET 96135 correspond to the I-Xe systematics and hence, show that sphalerites can preserve reasonable age information. For Indarch however, if compared with other initial 53Mn/55Mn values from literature, a considerable scatter is obvious. This clearly demonstrates that the Mn-Cr system in sphalerite can be disturbed by various, still poorly investigated, processes (e.g., by thermal events, weathering, diffusion-controlled remobilization). Future application of Mn-Cr dating to sphalerite in enstatite chondrites thus requires a better understanding of how such processes influence the Mn-Cr systematics and demands for tools to identify the undoubtly present sphalerites carrying a true chronologic information.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences > Isotope Geology

UniBE Contributor:

Storck, Julian-Christopher

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology
500 Science > 530 Physics

ISSN:

0016-7037

Publisher:

Elsevier Science

Funders:

[UNSPECIFIED] DFG

Projects:

[UNSPECIFIED] DFG-grant TR333/17

Language:

English

Submitter:

Julian-Christopher Storck

Date Deposited:

05 Oct 2021 17:12

Last Modified:

05 Oct 2021 17:21

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.gca.2021.07.011

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Enstatite chondrites, Sphalerite, Mn-Cr systematics, SIMS spot analyses

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/159552

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/159552

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