Clinical presentation of simple and combined or syndromic arteriovenous malformations.

Bernhard, Sarah M.; Tuleja, Aleksandra; Laine, Jessica E.; Haupt, Fabian; Häberli, Dario; Hügel, Ulrike; Rössler, Jochen; Schindewolf, Marc; Baumgartner, Iris (2021). Clinical presentation of simple and combined or syndromic arteriovenous malformations. (In Press). Journal of vascular surgery. Venous and lymphatic disorders Elsevier 10.1016/j.jvsv.2021.10.002

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OBJECTIVES

Arteriovenous malformations of the lower extremities (AVMLE) can present as simple or complex combined or syndromic forms (e.g. Parkes Weber Syndrome). We aimed to characterize the differences in clinical presentation and natural history of these potentially life and limb threatening congenital vascular malformations.

METHODS

We conducted a retrospective analysis of a consecutive series of patients with AVMLE, who presented to a tertiary referral center in Switzerland between 2008 and 2018. Clinical baseline characteristics, D-dimer level and course were summarized and differences between simple, non-syndromic and combined or syndromic AVMLE determined. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using logistic regression models.

RESULTS

Overall, 506 patients were prospectively enrolled in the Bernese Congenital Vascular Malformation Registry, 31 (6%) with AVMLE. There were 16 women and 15 men with a mean age of 18 years at first diagnosis (1 month - 72 years). Simple AVMLE was present in 22 (71%), combined or syndromic AVMLE with limb overgrowth in 9 patients (29%), respectively. Common symptoms and signs were pain 25 (81%), swelling 21 (68%) and soft tissue hypertrophy 13 (42%). Among combined or syndromic patients, 3 patients died from wound infection with sepsis or disseminated intravascular coagulation with bleeding complications (intracranial hemorrhage and bleeding from extensive leg ulcers). Combined or syndromic patients presented more often with bleeding (67% vs. 5%; p<0.001), malformation related infection (44% vs. 5%; p=0,017) and leg length difference (56% vs. 14%; p=0.049). D-dimer levels were elevated (mean 17256 μg/L, range 1557 μg/L to 80000 μg/L) and angiographic appearance showed complex, mixed type of AVMs, including interstitial type IV, in all patients with combined or syndromic AVMLE.

CONCLUSION

Patients with congenital simple AVMLE most often present with benign clinical features and rarely complications related to hemodynamic changes. Patients with combined or syndromic AVMLE often face serious outcomesdominated by complications other than direct high flow related heart failure.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine > Neuropaediatrics
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Angiology

UniBE Contributor:

Bernhard, Sarah Maike; Tuleja, Aleksandra Beata; Laine Carmeli, Jessica Evelyn; Haupt, Fabian; Häberli, Dario; Hügel, Ulrike; Rössler, Jochen Karl; Schindewolf, Marc and Baumgartner, Iris

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services

ISSN:

2213-333X

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Maria de Fatima Henriques Bernardo

Date Deposited:

27 Oct 2021 12:01

Last Modified:

15 Nov 2021 07:58

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jvsv.2021.10.002

PubMed ID:

34649003

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/160072

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/160072

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