Surgical versus transcatheter repair for secondary mitral regurgitation: A propensity score–matched cohorts comparison

Okuno, Taishi; Praz, Fabien; Kassar, Mohammad; Biaggi, Patrick; Mihalj, Maks; Külling, Mischa; Widmer, Sonja; Pilgrim, Thomas; Grünenfelder, Jürg; Kadner, Alexander; Corti, Roberto; Windecker, Stephan; Wenaweser, Peter; Reineke, David (2021). Surgical versus transcatheter repair for secondary mitral regurgitation: A propensity score–matched cohorts comparison (In Press). The journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery Elsevier 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2021.07.029

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Objectives: To compare the efficacy and clinical outcomes of transcatheter edge-to-edge mitral valve repair (TMVr) and surgical mitral valve repair (SMVr) among patients with secondary mitral regurgitation (SMR).

Methods: Consecutive patients with SMR treated using either TMVr (n = 199) or SMVr (n = 222) at 2 centers were included and retrospectively analyzed. To account for differences in patient demographic characteristics, 1:1 propensity score matching was performed. The primary endpoint was all-cause death within 2 years after the procedure.

Results: The study population consisted of 202 matched patients. At 2 years, all-cause mortality was 24.3% for TMVr and 23.0% for SMVr (hazard ratio, 0.97; 95% confidence interval, 0.55-1.71; P = .909). Severe heart failure symptoms at 2 years were less prevalent after SMVr (New York Heart Association functional class III or IV: 13.5% vs 29.5%; P = .032) than after TMVr. A higher proportion of the SMVr patients had SMR reduction to none or mild at discharge (90.8% vs 72.0%; P < .001) and 2 years (86.5% vs 59.6%; P < .001). Among patients who achieved none or mild MR at discharge, 7 patients (10.1%) in the SMVr group and 15 (34.9%) in the TMVr group had progression to moderate or greater MR at 2 years (P = .003). Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) significantly improved (+10.1% ± 11.1%; P < .001) after SMVr (LVEF at 2 years: 45.7% ± 12.8%), whereas it remained unchanged (-1.3% ± 8.9%; P = .260) after TMVr (LVEF at 2 years: 34.0% ± 13.2%).

Conclusions: In this propensity score-matched analysis, there was no significant difference in 2-year survival between TMVr and SMVr, despite greater and more durable SMR reduction, as well as LVEF improvement in the surgical group.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiovascular Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Okuno, Taishi; Praz, Fabien Daniel; Kassar, Mohammad; Mihalj, Maks; Pilgrim, Thomas; Kadner, Alexander; Windecker, Stephan and Reineke, David Christian

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1097-685X

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Paul Libera

Date Deposited:

16 Nov 2021 09:55

Last Modified:

17 Nov 2021 00:13

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jtcvs.2021.07.029

PubMed ID:

34446288

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/160265

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/160265

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