Detrital zircon provenance record of the Zagros mountain building from the Neotethys obduction to the Arabia–Eurasia collision, NW Zagros fold–thrust belt, Kurdistan region of Iraq

Koshnaw, Renas I.; Schlunegger, Fritz; Stockli, Daniel F. (2021). Detrital zircon provenance record of the Zagros mountain building from the Neotethys obduction to the Arabia–Eurasia collision, NW Zagros fold–thrust belt, Kurdistan region of Iraq. Solid Earth, 12(11), pp. 2479-2501. Copernicus Publications 10.5194/se-12-2479-2021

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Recognition of a new angular unconformity and the synthesis of new detrital zircon U–Pb and (U–Th) / He provenance records, including zircon (U–Th) / He double dating, from the NW Zagros region elucidate the basin dy- namics of the foreland wedge-top and intermontane units, as well as the tectonic processes in the source terranes in response to the different geodynamic phases. In this con- tribution, we present field observations and detrital zircon provenance data from hinterland basins to reconstruct the basin dynamics and the underlying tectonic controls in the NW Zagros area in the Kurdistan region of Iraq. Results reveal that the deposition of the suture zone units of the Red Beds Series (RBS; Suwais Group, Govanda Formation, Merga Group) occurred in an intermontane basin on top of folded Upper Cretaceous units and that the RBS deposits rest with an angular unconformity on the underlying older strata. The RBS provenance data point to the Paleogene Walash– Naopurdan–Kamyaran (WNK) complex as a source area and imply a substantial decrease in magmatism by ∼ 36 Ma, as reflected by the youngest age peaks. New detrital zircon provenance data from the hinterland wedge-top units of the proto-Zagros foreland basin (the Tanjero, Kolosh, and Ger- cus formations) exhibit exclusive derivation from the Upper Cretaceous Neotethys ophiolitic terranes, which differs from the provenance of the older Lower Cretaceous and Paleozoic units that are dominated by the Paleozoic and Neoprotero- zoic age spectra. These shifts in provenance between differ-
ent tectonostratigraphic units argue for a sediment source re- versal from the west to the east in response to ophiolite ob- duction, arrival of the WNK complex, and commencement of the Arabia–Eurasia continental collision during the latest Eocene (< 36 Ma). According to the provenance data, the in- cipient collision was followed by the deposition of the RBS in the hinterland of the proto-Zagros fold–thrust belt as well as the connection of drainages with the collision-related Neo- gene foreland basin.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Schlunegger, Fritz

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

1869-9510

Publisher:

Copernicus Publications

Language:

English

Submitter:

Fritz Schlunegger

Date Deposited:

15 Nov 2021 13:11

Last Modified:

15 Nov 2021 13:11

Publisher DOI:

10.5194/se-12-2479-2021

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/160580

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/160580

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