Impact of the availability of an influenza virus rapid antigen test on diagnostic decision making in a pediatric emergency department

Hojat, Katayun; Duppenthaler, Andrea; Aebi, Christoph (2013). Impact of the availability of an influenza virus rapid antigen test on diagnostic decision making in a pediatric emergency department. Pediatric emergency care, 29(6), pp. 696-698. Baltimore, Md.: Williams & Wilkins 10.1097/PEC.0b013e3182948f11

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OBJECTIVES: Fever is one of the most commonly seen symptoms in the pediatric emergency department. The objective of this study was to observe how the rapid testing for influenza virus impacts on the management of children with fever. METHODS: We performed a review of our pediatric emergency department records during the 2008/2009 annual influenza season. The BinaxNow Influenza A+B test was performed on patients with the following criteria: age 1.0 to 16.0 years, fever greater than 38.5 °C, fever of less than 96 hours' duration after the onset of clinical illness, clinical signs compatible with acute influenza, and nontoxic appearance. Additional laboratory tests were performed at the treating physician's discretion. RESULTS: The influenza rapid antigen test was performed in 192 children. One hundred nine (57%) were influenza positive, with the largest fraction (101 patients) positive for influenza A. The age distribution did not differ between children with negative and positive test results (mean, 5.3 vs. 5.1 years, not statistically significant). A larger number of diagnostic tests were performed in the group of influenza-negative patients. Twice as many complete blood counts, C-reactive protein determinations, lumbar punctures, and urinalyses were ordered in the latter group. CONCLUSIONS: Rapid diagnosis of influenza in the pediatric emergency department affects the management of febrile children as the confirmation of influenza virus infection decreases additional diagnostic tests ordered.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Hojat, Katayun; Duppenthaler, Andrea and Aebi, Christoph




Williams & Wilkins




Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:40

Last Modified:

02 May 2014 10:57

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


URI: (FactScience: 223674)

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