Comparing the clinical performance and cost efficacy of [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 and [18F]PSMA-1007 in the diagnosis of recurrent prostate cancer: a Markov chain decision analysis.

Alberts, Ian; Mingels, Clemens; Zacho, Helle D; Lanz, Sabine; Schöder, Heiko; Rominger, Axel; Zwahlen, Marcel; Afshar-Oromieh, Ali (2022). Comparing the clinical performance and cost efficacy of [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 and [18F]PSMA-1007 in the diagnosis of recurrent prostate cancer: a Markov chain decision analysis. European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging, 49(12), pp. 4252-4261. Springer-Verlag 10.1007/s00259-021-05620-9

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Amongst others, [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 and [18F]PSMA-1007 are available for the detection of recurrent prostate cancer (rPC). There are currently limited data comparing the performance of these two radioligands with respect to clinical outcomes or their cost efficacy, which this study aims to address.


Two hundred and forty-four patients undergoing PSMA PET/CT for rPC were retrospectively analysed for this study (one hundred and twenty two with each radiopharmaceutical) to generate rates of PET positivity, negativity and unclear findings. Patients underwent follow-up to determine the rate of additional examinations and to confirm PET findings. A Markov chain decision analysis was implemented to model clinical decision-making processes and to analyse clinical performance of the two tracers. We determine their clinical cost efficacies using cost data from several countries where both radiotracers are in routine use.


The PET positivity rate was non-significantly higher for [18F]PSMA-1007 compared to [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 (91.8% vs. 86.9%, p = 0.68), whereas the rate of uncertain findings was significantly greater (17.2% vs. 8.25%, p = 0.02). The probability of a true positive finding was higher for [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 (0.90, 95% CI 0.70-0.98) vs. [18F]PSMA-1007 (0.81, 95% CI 0.66-0.91). A significantly (p < 0.0001) higher PPV for [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 (0.99, 95% CI 0.99-1.0 vs. 0.86) was found compared to [18F]PSMA-1007 (0.86, 95% CI 0.82-1.00). Intervention efficacy analysis favoured [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11, where the number needed to image (to achieve a true positive finding) was 10.58 and the number needed to image to harm (to achieve a false positive finding) was - 8.08. A cost efficacy analysis favours [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 in three of the four jurisdictions analysed where health economic data was available (Switzerland, Israel, Australia) and [18F]PSMA-1007 in one jurisdiction (Denmark).


The analysis reveals a non-significantly higher PET positivity rate for [18F]PSMA-1007, but finds significantly greater rates of uncertain findings and false positive findings when compared to [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11. We find differences in the two tracers in terms of clinical performance and cost efficacy. The method presented herein is generalisable and can be used with clinical or cost data for other countries or tracers.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Clinic of Nuclear Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM)

UniBE Contributor:

Alberts, Ian Leigh, Mingels, Clemens, Lanz, Sabine, Rominger, Axel Oliver, Zwahlen, Marcel, Afshar Oromieh, Ali


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services








Andrea Flükiger-Flückiger

Date Deposited:

16 Nov 2021 19:10

Last Modified:

27 Dec 2022 10:42

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Additional Information:

Open Access funding provided by University of Bern.

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Markov chain analysis PET/CT PSMA Positron emission tomography Recurrent prostate cancer




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