Performance Characteristics of the Biograph Vision Quadra PET/CT system with long axial field of view using the NEMA NU 2-2018 Standard.

Prenosil, George Amadeus; Sari, Hasan; Fürstner, Markus; Afshar-Oromieh, Ali; Shi, Kuangyu; Rominger, Axel; Hentschel, Michael (2022). Performance Characteristics of the Biograph Vision Quadra PET/CT system with long axial field of view using the NEMA NU 2-2018 Standard. Journal of nuclear medicine, 63(3), pp. 476-484. Society of Nuclear Medicine 10.2967/jnumed.121.261972

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Purpose: To evaluate the performance of the Biograph Vision Quadra (Siemens Healthineers) PET/CT system. This new system is based on the Siemens Biograph Vision 600, using the same silicon photomultiplier-based detectors with 3.2×3.2×20-mm lutetium-oxoorthosilicate crystals. The Quadra's 32 detector rings provide a fourfold larger axial field of view (AFOV) of 106 cm, enabling imaging of major organs in one bed position. Methods: Physical performance of the scanner was evaluated according to the National Electrical Manufacturers Association NU 2-2018 standard with additional experiments to characterize energy resolution. Image quality was assessed with foreground to background ratios of 4:1 and 8:1. Additionally, a clinical 18F-FDG-PET study was reconstructed with varying frame durations. In all experiments, data were acquired using the Quadra's maximum ring distance of 322 crystals (MRD 322), while image reconstructions could only be performed with a maximum ring distance of 85 crystals rings (MRD 85). Results: The spatial resolution at full width half maximum in radial, tangential and axial directions were 3.3, 3.4 and 3.8 mm respectively. The sensitivity was 83 cps/kBq for MRD 85 and 176 cps/kBq for MRD 322. The NECRs at peak were 1613 kcps for MRD 85 and 2956 kcps for MRD 322, both at 27.5 kBq/mL. The respective scatter fractions at peak NECR equaled 36 % and 37 %. The TOF resolution at peak NECR was 228 ps for MRD 85 and 230 ps for MRD 322. Image contrast recovery ranged from 69.6% to 86.9 % for 4:1 contrast ratios and from 77.7 % to 92.6 % for 8:1 contrast ratios reconstructed using PSF-TOF with 8 iterations and 5 subsets. Thirty seconds frames provided readable lesion detectability and acceptable noise levels in clinical images. Conclusion: The Biograph Vision Quadra PET/CT has similar spatial and time resolution compared to the Biograph Vision 600 but exhibits improved sensitivity and NECR due to its extended AFOV. The reported spatial resolution, time resolution, and sensitivity makes it a competitive new device in the class of PET-scanners with extended AFOV.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Clinic of Nuclear Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Prenosil, George, Fürstner, Markus, Afshar Oromieh, Ali, Shi, Kuangyu, Rominger, Axel Oliver, Hentschel, Michael


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Society of Nuclear Medicine




Daria Vogelsang

Date Deposited:

07 Jan 2022 11:01

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:55

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Acceptance test Instrumentation NEMA PET/CT Quality Assurance digital PET long field of view total-body




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