Multichannel Esophageal Heart Rate Monitoring of Preterm Infants

Simmen, Patrizia; Kreuzer, Samuel; Thomet, Manuel; Suter, Lilian; Jesacher, Barbara; Tran, Phuong-Anh; Haeberlin, Andreas; Schulzke, Sven; Jost, Kerstin; Niederhauser, Thomas (2021). Multichannel Esophageal Heart Rate Monitoring of Preterm Infants. IEEE transactions on biomedical engineering, 68(6), pp. 1903-1912. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IEEE 10.1109/TBME.2020.3030162

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Objective: Autonomic dysregulation in preterm infants requires continuous monitoring of vital signs such as heart rate over days to months. Unfortunately, common surface electrodes are prone to electrocardiography (ECG) signal artifacts and cause serious skin irritations during long-term use. In contrast, esophageal ECG is known to be very sensitive due to the proximity of electrodes and heart and insensitive to external influences. This study addresses if multichannel esophageal ECG qualifies for heart rate monitoring in preterm infants.

Methods: We recorded esophageal leads with a multi-electrode gastric feeding tube in a clinical study with 13 neonates and compared the heartbeat detection performance with standard surface leads. A computationally simple and versatile ECG wave detection algorithm was used.

Results: Multichannel esophageal ECG manifested heartbeat sensitivity and positive predictive value greater than 98.5% and significant less false negative (FN) ECG waves as compared to surface ECG due to site-typical electrode motion artifacts. False positive bradycardia as indicated with more than 13 consecutive FN ECG waves was equally expectable in esophageal and surface channels. No adverse events were reported for the multi-electrode gastric feeding tube.

Conclusion: Heart rate monitoring of preterm infants with multiple esophageal electrodes is considered as feasible and reliable. Less signal artifacts will improve the detection of bradycardia, which is crucial for immediate interventions, and reduce alarm fatigue.

Significance: Due to the possibility to integrate the multichannel ECG into a gastric feeding tube and meanwhile omit harmful skin electrodes, the presented system has great potential to facilitate future intensive care of preterm infants.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Faculty Institutions > sitem Center for Translational Medicine and Biomedical Entrepreneurship > Cardiac Technology and Implantable Devices
04 Faculty of Medicine > Faculty Institutions > sitem Center for Translational Medicine and Biomedical Entrepreneurship
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Häberlin, Andreas David Heinrich

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0018-9294

Publisher:

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IEEE

Language:

English

Submitter:

Andreas Häberlin

Date Deposited:

29 Dec 2021 08:54

Last Modified:

29 Dec 2021 08:54

Publisher DOI:

10.1109/TBME.2020.3030162

PubMed ID:

33044926

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/162425

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/162425

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