Why do we have so many different hydrological models? A review based on the case of Switzerland

Horton, Pascal; Schaefli, Bettina; Kauzlaric, Martina Catharina (2022). Why do we have so many different hydrological models? A review based on the case of Switzerland. WIREs Water, 9(1) Wiley 10.1002/wat2.1574

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Hydrology plays a central role in applied and fundamental environmental sciences, but it is well known to suffer from an overwhelming diversity of models, particularly to simulate streamflow. We discuss here in detail how such diversity did arise based on the example of Switzerland. The case study's relevance stems from the fact that Switzerland, despite being a small country, shows a variety of hydro-climatological regimes, of water resources management challenges, and of hydrological research institutes that led to a model diversification that stands exemplary for the diversification that arose also at larger scales. Our analysis, based on literature review, personal inquiry, and an author survey, summarizes the main driving forces behind model diversification. We anticipate that this review not only helps researchers from other fields but in particular also the international hydrology community to understand why we have so many different streamflow models.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Physical Geography > Unit Hydrology
10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography

UniBE Contributor:

Horton, Pascal; Schaefli, Bettina and Kauzlaric, Martina Catharina

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

2049-1948

Publisher:

Wiley

Language:

English

Submitter:

Pascal Horton

Date Deposited:

14 Jan 2022 15:42

Last Modified:

14 Jan 2022 15:51

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/wat2.1574

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/162426

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/162426

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