Synaptic Molecular and Neurophysiological Markers Are Independent Predictors of Progression in Alzheimer's Disease.

Smailovic, Una; Kåreholt, Ingemar; Koenig, Thomas; Ashton, Nicholas J; Winblad, Bengt; Höglund, Kina; Nilsson, Per; Zetterberg, Henrik; Blennow, Kaj; Jelic, Vesna (2021). Synaptic Molecular and Neurophysiological Markers Are Independent Predictors of Progression in Alzheimer's Disease. Journal of Alzheimer's disease, 83(1), pp. 355-366. IOS Press 10.3233/JAD-201234

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BACKGROUND

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) neurogranin and quantitative electroencephalography (qEEG) are potential molecular and functional markers of synaptic pathology in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Synaptic markers have emerged as candidate prognostic indicators of AD since synaptic degeneration was shown to be an early event and the best correlate of cognitive deficits in patients along the disease continuum.

OBJECTIVE

The present study investigated the association between CSF neurogranin and qEEG measures as well as their potential to predict clinical deterioration in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients.

METHODS

Patients diagnosed with MCI (n = 99) underwent CSF conventional AD biomarkers and neurogranin analysis and resting-state EEG recordings. The study population was further stratified into stable (n = 41) and progressive MCI (n = 31), based on the progression to AD dementia during two years follow-up. qEEG analysis included computation of global field power and global field synchronization in four conventional frequency bands.

RESULTS

CSF neurogranin levels were associated with theta power and synchronization in the progressive MCI group. CSF neurogranin and qEEG measures were significant predictors of progression to AD dementia, independent of baseline amyloid status in MCI patients. A combination of CSF neurogranin with global EEG power in theta and global EEG synchronization in beta band exhibited the highest classification accuracy as compared to either of these markers alone.

CONCLUSION

qEEG and CSF neurogranin are independent predictors of progression to AD dementia in MCI patients. Molecular and neurophysiological synaptic markers may have additive value in a multimodal diagnostic and prognostic approach to dementia.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > Translational Research Center

UniBE Contributor:

König, Thomas

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

1387-2877

Publisher:

IOS Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Thomas König

Date Deposited:

18 Jan 2022 09:34

Last Modified:

18 Jan 2022 09:34

Publisher DOI:

10.3233/JAD-201234

PubMed ID:

34334389

Uncontrolled Keywords:

synaptic markers Alzheimer’s disease cerebrospinal fluid mild cognitive impairment neurogranin prognostic markers quantitative electroencephalography

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/162961

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/162961

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