Prevalence of latent structural heart disease in Nepali schoolchildren.

Shrestha, Nikesh R; Uranw, Surendra; Karki, Prahlad; Bastola, Santosh; Mahato, Rajan; Sherpa, Kunjang; Dhungana, Sahadeb; Gurung, Keshar; Pandey, Naveen; Agrawal, Krishna; Bartkowiak, Joanna; Shah, Prashant; Rothenbühler, Martina; Pilgrim, Thomas (2022). Prevalence of latent structural heart disease in Nepali schoolchildren. Cardiology in the young, 32(7), pp. 1151-1153. Cambridge University Press 10.1017/S1047951121004479

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BACKGROUND

The present study aimed to quantify the burden of structural heart disease in Nepali children.

METHODS

We performed a school-based cross-sectional echocardiographic screening study with cluster random sampling among children 5-16 years of age.

RESULTS

Between December 2012 and January 2019, 6573 children (mean age 10.6 ± 2.9 years) from 41 randomly selected schools underwent echocardiographic screening. Structural heart disease was detected in 14.0 per 1000 children (95% CI 11.3-17.1) and was congenital in 3.3 per 1000 (95% CI 2.1-5.1) and rheumatic in 10.6 per 1000 (95% CI 8.3-13.4). Rates of rheumatic heart disease were higher among children attending public as compared to private schools (OR 2.8, 95% CI 1.6-5.2, p = 0.0001).

CONCLUSION

Rheumatic heart disease accounted for three out of four cases of structural heart disease and was more common among children attending public as compared to private schools.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Bartkowiak, Joanna and Pilgrim, Thomas

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1047-9511

Publisher:

Cambridge University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Nadia Biscozzo

Date Deposited:

21 Jan 2022 10:37

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:59

Publisher DOI:

10.1017/S1047951121004479

PubMed ID:

34732274

Uncontrolled Keywords:

CHD prevalence rheumatic heart disease

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/163295

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/163295

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