Primary neoplasms of the parapharyngeal space: diagnostic and therapeutic pearls and pitfalls.

Bulut, Cem Olcay; Giger, Roland; Alwagdani, Ashwag; Aldabal, Nada; Stenzinger, Albrecht; Heimgartner, Samuel; Nisa, Lluís; Borner, Urs (2021). Primary neoplasms of the parapharyngeal space: diagnostic and therapeutic pearls and pitfalls. European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology, 278(12), pp. 4933-4941. Springer 10.1007/s00405-021-06718-4

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PURPOSE

Parapharyngeal space neoplasms (PSNs) are rare tumors of the head and neck region. In this study, we report our institutional experience with PSNs over a 27-years period.

METHODS

Patients treated between 1992 and 2018 were identified through our tumor board database. Data concerning demographics, clinical presentation, disease features, treatment, complications and follow-up were obtained retrospectively.

RESULTS

In total, 48 patients were identified. Most patients had benign tumors (67.5%), with pleomorphic adenoma and schwannoma being the most frequent entities. Malignant tumors represented the remaining 32.5% of neoplasms. Concerning tissue of origin, 67.5% of neoplasms originated from salivary glands and 17.5% were neurogenic. The vast majority of PSNs required open surgical approaches (77%). The most frequent reversible and irreversible complications included paralysis of facial, vagal, and hypoglossal nerves (transient 62.5%, permanent 31.3%). Tumor recurrences occurred in 16.7% of our patients.

CONCLUSION

Neoplasms of the parapharyngeal space (PPS) are rare. In our series, consistent with the literature, most patients had benign tumors. Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and/or transoral biopsy in selected cases combined with radiographic imaging are helpful to plan the optimal approach (open/transoral) and extent of primary surgery. Close follow-up in malignant neoplasms is crucial to assess recurrence early. We present one of the largest recent studies on PPS tumors treated in a center. Given the low incidence of these tumors, our results contribute to the existing sparse evidence regarding the management and outcome of such tumors.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders (ENT)

UniBE Contributor:

Bulut, Cem Olcay; Giger, Roland; Heimgartner, Samuel; Nisa Hernández, Lluís and Borner, Urs

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0937-4477

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Stefan Weder

Date Deposited:

24 Jan 2022 11:08

Last Modified:

24 Jan 2022 11:15

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00405-021-06718-4

PubMed ID:

33740083

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Head and neck Neoplasm Parapharyngeal space Tumor

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/163452

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/163452

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