Use of platelet-rich fibrin for the treatment of periodontal intrabony defects: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Miron, Richard J.; Moraschini, Vittorio; Fujioka-Kobayashi, Masako; Zhang, Yufeng; Kawase, Tomoyuki; Cosgarea, Raluca; Jepsen, Soren; Bishara, Mark; Canullo, Luigi; Shirakata, Yoshinori; Gruber, Reinhard; Ferenc, Döri; Calasans-Maia, Monica Diuana; Wang, Hom-Lay; Sculean, Anton (2021). Use of platelet-rich fibrin for the treatment of periodontal intrabony defects: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical oral investigations, 25(5), pp. 2461-2478. Springer 10.1007/s00784-021-03825-8

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OBJECTIVES

This study aims to compare the treatment outcomes of periodontal intrabony defects by using platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) with other commonly utilized modalities.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

The eligibility criteria comprised randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing the clinical outcomes of PRF with that of other modalities. Studies were classified into 10 categories as follows: (1) open flap debridement (OFD) alone versus OFD/PRF; (2) OFD/bone graft (OFD/BG) versus OFD/PRF; (3) OFD/BG versus OFD/BG/PRF; (4-6) OFD/barrier membrane (BM), OFD/PRP, or OFD/enamel matrix derivative (EMD) versus OFD/PRF; (7) OFD/EMD versus OFD/EMD/PRF; (8-10) OFD/PRF versus OFD/PRF/metformin, OFD/PRF/bisphosphonates, or OFD/PRF/statins. Weighted means and forest plots were calculated for probing depth (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL), and radiographic bone fill (RBF).

RESULTS

From 551 articles identified, 27 RCTs were included. The use of OFD/PRF statistically significantly reduced PD and improved CAL and RBF when compared to OFD. No clinically significant differences were reported when OFD/BG was compared to OFD/PRF. The addition of PRF to OFD/BG led to significant improvements in CAL and RBF. No differences were reported between any of the following groups (OFD/BM, OFD/PRP, and OFD/EMD) when compared to OFD/PRF. No improvements were also reported when PRF was added to OFD/EMD. The addition of all three of the following biomolecules (metformin, bisphosphonates, and statins) to OFD/PRF led to statistically significant improvements of PD, CAL, and RBF.

CONCLUSIONS

The use of PRF significantly improved clinical outcomes in intrabony defects when compared to OFD alone with similar levels being observed between OFD/BG and OFD/PRF. Future research geared toward better understanding potential ways to enhance the regenerative properties of PRF with various small biomolecules may prove valuable for future clinical applications. Future research investigating PRF at histological level is also needed.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

The use of PRF in conjunction with OFD statistically significantly improved PD, CAL, and RBF values, yielding to comparable outcomes to OFD/BG. The combination of PRF with bone grafts or small biomolecules may offer certain clinical advantages, thus warranting further investigations.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Craniomaxillofacial Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Periodontics Research

UniBE Contributor:

Miron, Richard John, Kobayashi, Masako (B), Sculean, Anton

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1436-3771

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Burri

Date Deposited:

26 Jan 2022 13:24

Last Modified:

27 Jan 2023 23:37

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00784-021-03825-8

PubMed ID:

33609186

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Advanced-PRF Intrabony defect L-PRF Platelet-rich fibrin

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/163699

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/163699

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