Filifactor alocis and Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha Stimulate Synthesis of Visfatin by Human Macrophages.

Nogueira, Andressa Vilas Boas; Nokhbehsaim, Marjan; Damanaki, Anna; Eick, Sigrun; Kirschneck, Christian; Schröder, Agnes; Jantsch, Jonathan; Deschner, James (2021). Filifactor alocis and Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha Stimulate Synthesis of Visfatin by Human Macrophages. International journal of molecular sciences, 22(3) MDPI 10.3390/ijms22031235

ijms-22-01235.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution (CC-BY).

Download (13MB) | Preview

There is little known about the effect of the periodontopathogen Filifactor alocis on macrophages as key cells of the innate immune defense in the periodontium. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of F. alocis and additionally of the pro-inflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα) on visfatin and other pro-inflammatory and proteolytic molecules associated with periodontitis in human macrophages. The presence of macrophage markers CD14, CD86, CD68, and CD163 was examined in gingival biopsies from healthy individuals and periodontitis patients. Human macrophages were incubated with F. alocis and TNFα for up to 2 d. The effects of both stimulants on macrophages were determined by real-time PCR, ELISA, immunocytochemistry, and immunofluorescence. F. alocis was able to significantly stimulate the synthesis of visfatin by human macrophages using TLR2 and MAPK pathways. In addition to visfatin, F. alocis was also able to increase the synthesis of cyclooxygenase 2, TNFα, and matrix metalloproteinase 1. Like F. alocis, TNFα was also able to stimulate the production of these proinflammatory and proteolytic molecules. Our results highlight the pathogenetic role of F. alocis in periodontal diseases and also underline the involvement of visfatin in the aetiopathogenesis of periodontitis.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Periodontics Research

UniBE Contributor:

Eick, Sigrun


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Doris Burri

Date Deposited:

26 Jan 2022 15:36

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 16:01

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

COX2 Filifactor alocis MMP1 macrophage periodontitis tumor necrosis factor visfatin




Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback