Bacterial colonisation during regular daily use of a power-driven water flosser and risk for cross-contamination. Can it be prevented?

Bertl, Kristina; Geissberger, Chiarra; Zinndorf, David; Johansson, Pia Edlund; Al-Shammari, Hatem; Eick, Sigrun; Stavropoulos, Andreas (2022). Bacterial colonisation during regular daily use of a power-driven water flosser and risk for cross-contamination. Can it be prevented? Clinical oral investigations, 26(2), pp. 1903-1913. Springer 10.1007/s00784-021-04167-1

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OBJECTIVE

To assess whether bacterial colonisation in a power-driven water flosser can be prevented.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Twenty-four patients undergoing supportive periodontal treatment used 2 power-driven water flossers [Sonicare AirFloss (SAF), AirFloss Ultra (SAFU)] for 12 weeks each as follows: (a) with bottled water (BW); (b) with BW and cleaning the device extra-orally twice per week with chlorhexidine gluconate or (c) essential-oil-based (EO) mouth-rinse; (d) with EO only. Water-jet samples were taken after 6 and 12 weeks with the used nozzle and after exchanging to a brand-new nozzle. After 12 weeks, all devices underwent an intensive cleaning procedure. Samples were analysed by PCR-based method for cariogenic and periodontal pathogens and culture for staphylococci, aerobe gram-negative bacteria, and Candida sp.

RESULTS

Contamination of SAF/SAFU with Streptococcus mutans was found in > 95% of the samples; periodontal pathogens and aerobe gram-negative bacteria were detected in 19-56% of the samples, while Staphylococcus aureus and Candida sp. were identified only in few samples. Contamination rate was basically unaffected by time-point, device, or way of use. Further, exchanging the nozzle did not prevent transmission of a contaminated water-jet, but the intensive cleaning reduced most of the pathogens significantly, except of S. mutans.

CONCLUSION

Neither a specific way of use nor exchanging the nozzle prevented bacterial colonisation and transmission of biofilm components via the water-jet of SAF/SAFU.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Bacterial colonisation in a power-driven water flosser seems impossible to prevent; to restrict the risk of cross-contamination within a household, one device per person should be recommended.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Periodontics Research

UniBE Contributor:

Eick, Sigrun

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1436-3771

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Burri

Date Deposited:

27 Jan 2022 09:46

Last Modified:

06 Feb 2022 00:17

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00784-021-04167-1

PubMed ID:

34537880

Uncontrolled Keywords:

AirFloss Bacterial colonisation Cross-contamination Disinfection Interdental cleaning device Streptococcus mutans

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/163929

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/163929

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