Effect of oat supplementation interventions on cardiovascular disease risk markers: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Llanaj, Erand; Dejanovic, Gordana M; Valido, Ezra; Bano, Arjola; Gamba, Magda; Kastrati, Lum; Minder, Beatrice; Stojic, Stevan; Voortman, Trudy; Marques-Vidal, Pedro; Stoyanov, Jivko; Metzger, Brandon; Glisic, Marija; Kern, Hua; Muka, Taulant (2022). Effect of oat supplementation interventions on cardiovascular disease risk markers: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. European Journal of Nutrition, 61(4), pp. 1749-1778. Springer-Verlag 10.1007/s00394-021-02763-1

[img]
Preview
Text
Llanaj_EurJNutr_2022.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution (CC-BY).

Download (2MB) | Preview

PURPOSE

Oat supplementation interventions (OSIs) may have a beneficial effect on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. However, dietary background can modulate such effect. This systematic review assesses the effects of OSIs on CVD risk markers among adults, accounting for different dietary backgrounds or control arms.

METHODS

We included randomized clinical trials (RCTs) that assessed the effect of oat, oat beta-glucan-rich extracts or avenanthramides on CVD risk markers.

RESULTS

Seventy-four RCTs, including 4937 predominantly hypercholesterolemic, obese subjects, with mild metabolic disturbances, were included in the systematic review. Of these, 59 RCTs contributed to the meta-analyses. Subjects receiving an OSI, compared to control arms without oats, had improved levels of total cholesterol (TC) [weighted mean difference and (95% CI) - 0.42 mmol/L, (- 0.61; - 0.22)], LDL cholesterol [- 0.29 mmol/L, (- 0.37; - 0.20)], glucose [- 0.25 nmol/L, (- 0.36; - 0.14)], body mass index [- 0.13 kg/m2, (- 0.26; - 0.01)], weight [- 0.94 kg, (- 1.84: - 0.05)], and waist circumference [- 1.06 cm, (- 1.85; - 0.27)]. RCTs on inflammation and/or oxidative stress markers were scarce and with inconsistent findings. RCTs comparing an OSI to heterogeneous interventions (e.g., wheat, eggs, rice, etc.), showed lowered levels of glycated haemoglobin, diastolic blood pressure, HDL cholesterol and apolipoprotein B. The majority of included RCTs (81.1%) had some concerns for risk of bias.

CONCLUSION

Dietary OSIs resulted in lowered levels of blood lipids and improvements in anthropometric parameters among participants with predominantly mild metabolic disturbances, regardless of dietary background or control. Further high-quality trials are warranted to establish the role of OSIs on blood pressure, glucose homeostasis and inflammation markers.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM)
13 Central Units > Administrative Director's Office > University Library of Bern
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Health Sciences (GHS)

UniBE Contributor:

Bano, Arjola; Gamba Rincón, Magda Rocío; Minder, Beatrice; Stoyanov, Jivko; Glisic, Marija and Muka, Taulant

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services
000 Computer science, knowledge & systems > 020 Library & information sciences

ISSN:

1436-6207

Publisher:

Springer-Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Andrea Flükiger-Flückiger

Date Deposited:

11 Jan 2022 16:44

Last Modified:

15 Jun 2022 08:26

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00394-021-02763-1

PubMed ID:

34977959

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Cardiovascular diseases Cholesterol Interventions Nutrition Oats Risk markers Supplementation

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/164409

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/164409

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback