Retrospective validation of the postnatal Growth and Retinopathy of Prematurity (G-ROP) criteria in a Swiss cohort

Vinayahalingam, Nithursa; McDougall, Jane; Ahrens, Olaf; Ebneter, Andreas (2022). Retrospective validation of the postnatal Growth and Retinopathy of Prematurity (G-ROP) criteria in a Swiss cohort. BMC ophthalmology, 22(1), p. 19. BioMed Central 10.1186/s12886-021-02227-4

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Background: Currently used screening criteria for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) show high sensitivity for predicting treatment-requiring ROP but low specificity; over 90% of examined infants do not develop ROP that requires treatment (type 1 ROP). A novel weight gain-based prediction model was developed by the G-ROP study group to increase the specificity of the screening criteria and keep the number of ophthalmic examinations as low as possible. This retrospective cohort study aimed to externally validate the G-ROP screening criteria in a Swiss cohort.

Methods: Data from 645 preterm infants in ROP screening at Inselspital Bern between January 2015 and December 2019 were retrospectively retrieved from the screening log and analysed. The G-ROP screening criteria, consisting of 6 trigger parameters, were applied in infants with complete data. To determine the performance of the G-ROP prediction model for treatment-requiring ROP, sensitivity and specificity were calculated.

Results: Complete data were available for 322 infants who were included in the analysis. None of the excluded infants had developed type 1 ROP. By applying the 6 criteria in the G-ROP model, 214 infants were flagged to undergo screening: among these, 14 developed type 1 ROP, 9 developed type 2 ROP, and 43 developed milder stages of ROP. The sensitivity for predicting treatment-requiring ROP was 100% (CI, 0.79-1.00), and the specificity was 41% (CI, 0.35 -0.47). Implementing the novel G-ROP screening criteria would reduce the number of infants entering ROP screening by approximately one third.

Conclusions: The overall prevalence of treatment-requiring ROP was low (2.15%). Previously published performance parameters for the G-ROP algorithm were reproducible in this Swiss cohort. Importantly, all treatment-requiring infants were correctly identified. By using these novel criteria, the burden of screening examinations could be significantly reduced.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Ophthalmology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine > Neonatology

UniBE Contributor:

McDougall Müller, Felicity Jane, Ahrens, Olaf, Ebneter, Andreas


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




BioMed Central




Anette van Dorland

Date Deposited:

01 Feb 2022 17:38

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 16:03

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:





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