Reassessment of uncertainty expansion by linear addition of long-term components from top-down information

Salazar, G.; Szidat, S. (2021). Reassessment of uncertainty expansion by linear addition of long-term components from top-down information. Radiocarbon, 63(6), pp. 1657-1671. Cambridge University Press 10.1017/RDC.2021.96

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© The Author(s), 2021. Published by Cambridge University Press for the Arizona Board of Regents on behalf of the University of Arizona. This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Since radiocarbon accelerator mass spectrometry (14C AMS) is considered a high-precision technique, reassessment of the measurement uncertainty has been a topic of interest. Scientists from analytical and metrological fields have developed the top-down and bottom-up measurement of uncertainty approaches. The 14C quoted error should approximate the uncertainty of long-term repetitions of the top-down approach in order to be realistic. The novelty of this paper is that the uncertainty of both approaches were approximated to each other. Furthermore, we apportioned the graphitization, instrumentation, and bias components in order to additively expand the quoted error. Our results are comparable to error multipliers and to long-term repeatability studies reported by other laboratories. Our laboratory was established in late 2012 with N2 as stripper gas and 7 years later, we changed to helium stripper. Thus, we were able to compare both gases, and demonstrate that helium is a better stripper gas. In absolute F14C units, the ranges of graphitization+bias combined uncertainties were (0.7 to 4.1) × 10–3 for N2 and (0.7–3.0) × 10–3 for He depending on the standard 14C content. The error multiplier for He defined as the expanded uncertainty over quoted error, in average, was 1.7; while without the bias, the multiplier was 1.3.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry, Biochemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences (DCBP)

UniBE Contributor:

Salazar Quintero, Gary Abdiel and Szidat, Sönke

Subjects:

500 Science > 540 Chemistry

ISSN:

0033-8222

Publisher:

Cambridge University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Sönke Szidat

Date Deposited:

04 Feb 2022 10:00

Last Modified:

04 Feb 2022 10:00

Publisher DOI:

10.1017/RDC.2021.96

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/164499

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/164499

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