Adolescents and adults with Fontan circulation: insights from the PREpArE-Fontan registry.

Søndergaard, Lars; Aboulhosn, Jamil; d'Udekem, Yves; Faure, Céline; Franklin, Wayne J; Hager, Alfred; Kim, Yuli Y; Muros-Le Rouzic, Erwan; Rosenberg, Daniel; Schwerzmann, Markus; Clift, Paul (2022). Adolescents and adults with Fontan circulation: insights from the PREpArE-Fontan registry. Cardiology in the young, 32(4), pp. 597-605. Cambridge University Press 10.1017/S1047951121002791

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The Patient Registry for Adolescents and Adults with Stable Fontan Circulation aims to describe a contemporary cohort of Fontan patients who could be eligible for a clinical trial investigating macitentan, an endothelin receptor antagonist. This international, non-interventional, multicentre, cross-sectional, observational registry enrolled patients with "stable" Fontan circulation ≥10 years following extra-cardiac conduit or lateral tunnel procedure. Main exclusion criteria were NYHA functional class IV, reoperation of Fontan circulation, or signs of disease worsening. Patient characteristics at enrolment are described; available data were collected during a single registration visit. Of the 266 screened patients, 254 were included in this analysis. At enrolment, median (interquartile range) age was 24 (20;30) years, 37%/63% of patients were from the USA/Europe, 54% were male, 54%/47% had undergone extra-cardiac conduit/lateral tunnel procedures, and 95% were in NYHA functional class I or II. History of arrhythmia was more common in older patients and patients with lateral tunnel; overall prevalence was 19%. Most laboratory values were within the normal range but mean creatinine clearance was abnormally low (87.7 ml/min). Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors were used by 48% of patients and their use was associated with creatinine clearance <90 ml/min (p = 0.007), as was Fontan completion at an older age (p = 0.007). 53.4% of patients had clinical characteristics that could potentially meet an endothelin receptor antagonist trial's eligibility criteria. The PREpArE-Fontan registry describes a cohort of patients who could potentially participate in an endothelin receptor antagonist trial and identified early subtle signs of Fontan failure, even in "stable" patients.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Schwerzmann, Markus


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Cambridge University Press




Markus Schwerzmann

Date Deposited:

08 Feb 2022 15:58

Last Modified:

07 May 2022 00:12

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Congenital heart disease surgery Fontan physiology univentricular heart




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