Phosphoinositide 3-kinase C2β regulates RhoA and the actin cytoskeleton through an interaction with Dbl

Błajecka, Karolina; Marinov, Marin; Leitner, Laura; Uth, Kristin; Posern, Guido; Arcaro, Alexandre (2012). Phosphoinositide 3-kinase C2β regulates RhoA and the actin cytoskeleton through an interaction with Dbl. PLoS ONE, 7(9), e44945. Lawrence, Kans.: Public Library of Science 10.1371/journal.pone.0044945

[img]
Preview
Text
fetchObject.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution (CC-BY).

Download (994kB) | Preview

The regulation of cell morphology is a dynamic process under the control of multiple protein complexes acting in a coordinated manner. Phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3K) and their lipid products are widely involved in cytoskeletal regulation by interacting with proteins regulating RhoGTPases. Class II PI3K isoforms have been implicated in the regulation of the actin cytoskeleton, although their exact role and mechanism of action remain to be established. In this report, we have identified Dbl, a Rho family guanine nucleotide exchange factor (RhoGEF) as an interaction partner of PI3KC2β. Dbl was co-immunoprecipitated with PI3KC2β in NIH3T3 cells and cancer cell lines. Over-expression of Class II phosphoinositide 3-kinase PI3KC2β in NIH3T3 fibroblasts led to increased stress fibres formation and cell spreading. Accordingly, we found high basal RhoA activity and increased serum response factor (SRF) activation downstream of RhoA upon serum stimulation. In contrast, the dominant-negative form of PI3KC2β strongly reduced cell spreading and stress fibres formation, as well as SRF response. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) stimulation of wild-type PI3KC2β over-expressing NIH3T3 cells strongly increased Rac and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activation, but failed to show similar effect in the cells with the dominant-negative enzyme. Interestingly, epidermal growth factor (EGF) and PDGF stimulation led to increased extracellular signal-regulated kinase (Erk) and Akt pathway activation in cells with elevated wild-type PI3KC2β expression. Furthermore, increased expression of PI3KC2β protected NIH3T3 from detachment-dependent death (anoikis) in a RhoA-dependent manner. Taken together, these findings suggest that PI3KC2β modulates the cell morphology and survival through a specific interaction with Dbl and the activation of RhoA.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Blajecka, Karolina; Uth, Kristin and Arcaro, Alexandre

ISSN:

1932-6203

Publisher:

Public Library of Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:40

Last Modified:

06 Dec 2014 19:28

Publisher DOI:

10.1371/journal.pone.0044945

PubMed ID:

22984590

Web of Science ID:

000308738500097

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.16510

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/16510 (FactScience: 224163)

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback