Identification of SNPs in the cystic fibrosis interactome influencing pulmonary progression in cystic fibrosis

Gisler, Franziska M; von Kanel, Thomas; Kraemer, Richard; Schaller, André; Gallati, Sabina (2013). Identification of SNPs in the cystic fibrosis interactome influencing pulmonary progression in cystic fibrosis. European journal of human genetics, 21(4), pp. 397-403. Houndmills, UK: Nature Publishing Group 10.1038/ejhg.2012.181

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There is growing evidence that the great phenotypic variability in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) not only depends on the genotype, but apart from a combination of environmental and stochastic factors predominantly also on modifier gene effects. It has been proposed that genes interacting with CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) are potential modifiers. Therefore, we assessed the impact of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of several of these interacters on CF disease outcome. SNPs that potentially alter gene function were genotyped in 95 well-characterized p.Phe508del homozygous CF patients. Linear mixed-effect model analysis was used to assess the relationship between sequence variants and the repeated measurements of lung function parameters. In total, we genotyped 72 SNPs in 10 genes. Twenty-five SNPs were used for statistical analysis, where we found strong associations for one SNP in PPP2R4 with the lung clearance index (P ≤ 0.01), the specific effective airway resistance (P ≤ 0.005) and the forced expiratory volume in 1 s (P ≤ 0.005). In addition, we identified one SNP in SNAP23 to be significantly associated with three lung function parameters as well as one SNP in PPP2R1A and three in KRT19 to show a significant influence on one lung function parameter each. Our findings indicate that direct interacters with CFTR, such as SNAP23, PPP2R4 and PPP2R1A, may modify the residual function of p.Phe508del-CFTR while variants in KRT19 may modulate the amount of p.Phe508del-CFTR at the apical membrane and consequently modify CF disease.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Gisler, Franziska; Schaller, André and Gallati, Sabina

ISSN:

1018-4813

Publisher:

Nature Publishing Group

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:41

Last Modified:

26 Feb 2014 18:04

Publisher DOI:

10.1038/ejhg.2012.181

PubMed ID:

22892532

Web of Science ID:

000317089300009

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/16531 (FactScience: 224184)

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