No Evidence for a Decrease in Physical Activity Among Swiss Office Workers During COVID-19: A Longitudinal Study

Aegerter, Andrea Martina; Deforth, Manja; Sjøgaard, Gisela; Johnston, Venerina; Volken, Thomas; Luomajoki, Hannu; Dratva, Julia; Dressel, Holger; Distler, Oliver; Melloh, Markus; Elfering, Achim; NEXpro, Collaboration Group (2021). No Evidence for a Decrease in Physical Activity Among Swiss Office Workers During COVID-19: A Longitudinal Study. Frontiers in psychology, 12, p. 620307. Frontiers Research Foundation 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.620307

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Purpose: The COVID-19 lockdown interrupted normal daily activities, which may have led to an increase in sedentary behavior (Castelnuovo et al., 2020). The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the level of physical activity among Swiss office workers.
Methods: Office workers from two Swiss organizations, aged 18–65 years, were included. Baseline data from January 2020 before the COVID-19 pandemic became effective in Switzerland were compared with follow-up data during the lockdown phase in April 2020. Levels of physical activity were assessed using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Paired sample t-tests or Wilcoxon signed-rank test were performed for statistical analysis.
Results: Data from 76 participants were analyzed. Fifty-four participants were female (71.1%). The mean age was 42.7 years (range from 21.8 to 62.7) at baseline. About 75% of the participants met the recommendations on minimal physical activity, both before the COVID-19 pandemic and during the lockdown. Weak statistical evidence for a decline in total physical activity in metabolic equivalent of task minutes per week (MET min/week) was found (estimate = −292, 95% CI from – ∞ to 74, p-value = 0.09), with no evidence for a decrease in the three types of activity: walking (estimate = −189, 95% CI from – ∞ to 100, p-value = 0.28), moderate-intensity activity (estimate = −200, 95% CI from – ∞ to 30, p-value = 0.22) and vigorous-intensity activity (estimate = 80, 95% CI from – ∞ to 460, p-value = 0.74). Across the three categories “high,” “moderate,” and “low” physical activity, 17% of the participants became less active during the lockdown while 29% became more active.
Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic did not result in a reduction in total physical activity levels among a sample of Swiss office workers during the first weeks of lockdown. Improved work-life balance and working times may have contributed to this finding.
Clinical Trial Registration:, NCT04169646. Registered 15 November 2019 – Retrospectively registered,

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Work and Organisational Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Elfering, Achim


100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology




Frontiers Research Foundation




Christine Soltermann

Date Deposited:

02 Mar 2022 14:48

Last Modified:

02 Mar 2023 23:35

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

coronavirus, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, lockdown, physical exercise, health promotion, public health, shutdown




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