From endoplasmic reticulum to secretory granules: role of zinc in the secretory pathway of growth hormone

Petkovic, Vibor; Miletta, Maria Consolata; Mullis, Primus-E (2012). From endoplasmic reticulum to secretory granules: role of zinc in the secretory pathway of growth hormone. Endocrine development, 23, pp. 96-108. Basel: Karger 10.1159/000341763

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Endocrine and neuroendocrine cells differ from cells which rapidly release all their secreted proteins in that they store some secretory proteins in concentrated forms in secretory granules to be rapidly released when cells are stimulated. Protein aggregation is considered as the first step in the secretory granule biosynthesis and, at least in the case of prolactin and growth hormone, greatly depends on zinc ions that facilitate this process. Hence, regulation of cellular zinc transport especially that within the regulated secretory pathway is of importance to understand. Various zinc transporters of Slc30a/ZnT and Slc39a/Zip families have been reported to fulfil this role and to participate in fine tuning of zinc transport in and out of the endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi complex and secretory granules, the main cellular compartments of the regulated secretory pathway. In this review, we will focus on the role of zinc in the formation of hormone-containing secretory granules with special emphasis on conditions required for growth hormone dimerization/aggregation. In addition, we highlight the role of zinc transporters that govern the process of zinc homeostasis in the regulated hormone secretion.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Petkovic, Vibor, Miletta, Maria Consolata, Mullis, Primus-Eugen








Anette van Dorland

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:41

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:12

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URI: (FactScience: 224205)

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