Regional Associations of Cortical Superficial Siderosis and β-Amyloid-Positron-Emission-Tomography Positivity in Patients With Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy.

Finze, Anika; Wahl, Hannes; Janowitz, Daniel; Buerger, Katharina; Linn, Jennifer; Rominger, Axel; Stöcklein, Sophia; Bartenstein, Peter; Wollenweber, Frank Arne; Catak, Cihan; Brendel, Matthias (2022). Regional Associations of Cortical Superficial Siderosis and β-Amyloid-Positron-Emission-Tomography Positivity in Patients With Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy. Frontiers in aging neuroscience, 13, p. 786143. Frontiers Research Foundation 10.3389/fnagi.2021.786143

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Objective

This is a cross-sectional study to evaluate whether β-amyloid-(Aβ)-PET positivity and cortical superficial siderosis (cSS) in patients with cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) are regionally colocalized.

Methods

Ten patients with probable or possible CAA (73.3 ± 10.9 years, 40% women) underwent MRI examination with a gradient-echo-T2*-weighted-imaging sequence to detect cSS and 18F-florbetaben PET examination to detect fibrillar Aβ. In all cortical regions of the Hammers Atlas, cSS positivity (MRI: ITK-SNAP segmentation) and Aβ-PET positivity (PET: ≥ mean value + 2 standard deviations of 14 healthy controls) were defined. Regional agreement of cSS- and Aβ-PET positivity was evaluated. Aβ-PET quantification was compared between cSS-positive and corresponding contralateral cSS-negative atlas regions. Furthermore, the Aβ-PET quantification of cSS-positive regions was evaluated in voxels close to cSS and in direct cSS voxels.

Results

cSS- and Aβ-PET positivity did not indicate similarity of their regional patterns, despite a minor association between the frequency of Aβ-positive patients and the frequency of cSS-positive patients within individual regions (r s = 0.277, p = 0.032). However, this association was driven by temporal regions lacking cSS- and Aβ-PET positivity. When analyzing all composite brain regions, Aβ-PET values in regions close to cSS were significantly higher than in regions directly affected with cSS (p < 0.0001). However, Aβ-PET values in regions close to cSS were not different when compared to corresponding contralateral cSS-negative regions (p = 0.603).

Conclusion

In this cross-sectional study, cSS and Aβ-PET positivity did not show regional association in patients with CAA and deserve further exploitation in longitudinal designs. In clinical routine, a specific cross-sectional evaluation of Aβ-PET in cSS-positive regions is probably not useful for visual reading of Aβ-PETs in patients with CAA.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Clinic of Nuclear Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Rominger, Axel Oliver

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1663-4365

Publisher:

Frontiers Research Foundation

Language:

English

Submitter:

Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

22 Feb 2022 09:58

Last Modified:

27 Feb 2022 01:57

Publisher DOI:

10.3389/fnagi.2021.786143

PubMed ID:

35185518

Uncontrolled Keywords:

cerebral amyloid angiopathy colocalization cortical superficial siderosis magnetic-resonance-imaging positron-emission-tomography topology β-amyloid

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/165887

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/165887

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