Six transiting planets and a chain of Laplace resonances in TOI-178

Leleu, A.; Alibert, Y.; Hara, N. C.; Hooton, M. J.; Wilson, T. G.; Robutel, P.; Delisle, J.-B.; Laskar, J.; Hoyer, S.; Lovis, C.; Bryant, E. M.; Ducrot, E.; Cabrera, J.; Delrez, L.; Acton, J. S.; Adibekyan, V.; Allart, R.; Allende Prieto, C.; Alonso, R.; Alves, D.; ... (2021). Six transiting planets and a chain of Laplace resonances in TOI-178. Astronomy and astrophysics, 649(A26), A26. EDP Sciences 10.1051/0004-6361/202039767

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Determining the architecture of multi-planetary systems is one of the cornerstones of understanding planet formation and evolution.
Resonant systems are especially important as the fragility of their orbital configuration ensures that no significant scattering or colli-
sional event has taken place since the earliest formation phase when the parent protoplanetary disc was still present. In this context,
TOI-178 has been the subject of particular attention since the first TESS observations hinted at the possible presence of a near 2:3:3
resonant chain. Here we report the results of observations from CHEOPS, ESPRESSO, NGTS, and SPECULOOS with the aim of
deciphering the peculiar orbital architecture of the system. We show that TOI-178 harbours at least six planets in the super-Earth to
mini-Neptune regimes, with radii ranging from 1.152+0.073
−0.070 to 2.87+0.14
−0.13 Earth radii and periods of 1.91, 3.24, 6.56, 9.96, 15.23, and
20.71 days. All planets but the innermost one form a 2:4:6:9:12 chain of Laplace resonances, and the planetary densities show impor-
tant variations from planet to planet, jumping from 1.02+0.28
−0.23 to 0.177+0.055
−0.061 times the Earth’s density between planets c and d. Using
Bayesian interior structure retrieval models, we show that the amount of gas in the planets does not vary in a monotonous way, con-
trary to what one would expect from simple formation and evolution models and unlike other known systems in a chain of Laplace
resonances. The brightness of TOI-178 (H = 8.76 mag, J = 9.37 mag, V = 11.95 mag) allows for a precise characterisation of its orbital
architecture as well as of the physical nature of the six presently known transiting planets it harbours. The peculiar orbital configu-
ration and the diversity in average density among the planets in the system will enable the study of interior planetary structures and
atmospheric evolution, providing important clues on the formation of super-Earths and mini-Neptunes

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Space Research and Planetary Sciences
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
10 Strategic Research Centers > Center for Space and Habitability (CSH)
08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > NCCR PlanetS

UniBE Contributor:

Alibert, Yann; Hooton, Matthew John; Beck, Thomas; Benz, Willy; Broeg, Christopher; Demory, Brice-Olivier; Fortier, Andrea; Haldemann, Jonas; Heng, Kevin; Osborn, Hugh Patrick and Thomas, Nicolas

Subjects:

500 Science > 520 Astronomy
600 Technology > 620 Engineering

ISSN:

0004-6361

Publisher:

EDP Sciences

Language:

English

Submitter:

Dora Ursula Zimmerer

Date Deposited:

10 Mar 2022 15:08

Last Modified:

20 Mar 2022 01:56

Publisher DOI:

10.1051/0004-6361/202039767

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/165960

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/165960

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