The agroecological transition in Senegal: transnational links and uneven empowerment.

Boillat, Sébastien; Belmin, Raphaël; Bottazzi, Patrick (2022). The agroecological transition in Senegal: transnational links and uneven empowerment. Agriculture and human values, 39(1), pp. 281-300. Springer 10.1007/s10460-021-10247-5

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Senegal is among the few African countries that counts with an important agroecological movement. This movement is strongly backed up by a network of transnational partnerships and has recently matured into an advocacy coalition that promotes an agroecological transition at national scale. In this article, we investigate the role of transnational links on the empowerment potential of agroecology. Combining the multi-level perspective of socio-technical transitions and Bourdieu's theory of practices, we conceptualize the agroecological network as a niche shaped by the circulation of different types of capital. Using social network analysis, we investigate the existing flows of resources and knowledge, as well as membership and advocacy links to critically address within-niche empowerment processes. We show that transnational ties play a key role in building the niche protective space, showing a financial dependency of the agroecological niche on NGOs and international cooperation programmes based in Europe and North America. This configuration tends to favor the empowerment of NGOs instead of farmer unions, which only play a peripheral role in the network. However, the multiple innovations focus of agroecology may open up prospects for more gradual but potentially radical change. Based on our findings, we suggest to include more explicitly core-periphery dynamics in transition studies involving North-South relations, including circulation of capital, ideas and norms.

Supplementary Information

The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s10460-021-10247-5.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
10 Strategic Research Centers > Centre for Development and Environment (CDE)

UniBE Contributor:

Boillat, Sébastien-Pierre and Bottazzi, Patrick

Subjects:

900 History > 910 Geography & travel
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 330 Economics

ISSN:

0889-048X

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

14 Mar 2022 09:46

Last Modified:

14 Mar 2022 09:52

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s10460-021-10247-5

PubMed ID:

35273427

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Agroecological transitions Multi-level perspective Political agroecology Social network analysis Sub-Saharan Africa Theory of practices

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/167317

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/167317

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