A prospective cohort trial evaluating sexual function after urethral diverticulectomy.

Hoehn, Diana; Mohr, Stefan; Nowakowski, Łukasz; Mueller, Michael D; Kuhn, Annette (2022). A prospective cohort trial evaluating sexual function after urethral diverticulectomy. European journal of obstetrics & gynecology and reproductive biology, 272, pp. 144-149. Elsevier 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2022.03.021

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Dyspareunia is a main symptom of urethral diverticulum in the female population, reported up to 60% of patients. Pain may cease after diverticulectomy as published in previous retrospective studies. To date scarce or no data exists on the postoperative outcome in terms of sexual function. The present study wants to quantify sexual function and evaluate lower urinary tract symptoms in sexually active patients after resection of urethral diverticulum.


In this prospective cohort trial at a tertiary referral center, we evaluated 40 female patients who presented with symptomatic urethral diverticulum and were sexually active. All of them underwent a standardized surgical procedure with inverted U-shape colpotomy between 2008 and 2018. The patients completed the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), which is determined by the mean score of the different domains, and underwent urodynamic assessment both at baseline examination before surgery and 12 months postoperatively. For statistical analysis, we conducted a paired Wilcoxon rank sum test analyzing the non-normally distributed non-parametric variables of the female sexual function index.


In two patients a malignancy was found in postoperative histology and received a different therapeutical approach. They have been excluded from statistical analysis. Sexual function improved in all domains (n = 38): total score (Z = -5.4, P < 0.000), satisfaction (Z = -5.3, P < 0.000), pain (Z = -5.4, P < 0.000), arousal (Z = -2.6, P = 0.010), lubrication (Z = -2.4, P = 0.020), desire (Z = -2.6, P = 0.009) and orgasm (Z = -2.2, P = 0.029). Maximum urethral closure pressure deteriorated from 39 to 36 cmH2O (P = 0.0008) and residual urine increased from 10 ml to 20 ml after surgery (P = 0.0019). No statistical significance is found for bladder capacity and free urinary flow.


All domains of the female sexual function index improved. Patients' bothersome symptoms, mainly pain may cease and sexual satisfaction increases, which is reassuring concerning patients' preoperative consent. We should be aware that occasionally an unexpected malignancy may be detected and it is mandatory to examine all excised tissue histologically. Lower urinary tract function remains clinically unchanged, although maximum urethral closure pressure deteriorated and postvoid residual increased though not being clinically significant.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Gynaecology

UniBE Contributor:

Höhn, Diana Mihaela, Mohr, Stefan, Mueller, Michael, Kuhn, Annette


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

23 Mar 2022 09:33

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 16:16

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Dyspareunia Malignancy Pain Urinary tract infection Urodynamic assessment





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