Chipped Stone Assemblage of the Layer B of the Kamyana Mohyla 1 Site (South-Eastern Ukraine) and the Issue of Kukrek in the North Meotic Steppe Region

Kiosak, Dmytro; Kotova, Nadezhda; Radchenko, Simon; de Capitani, Annick; Gobet, Erika; Makhortykh, Sergei; Nielsen, Ebbe; Szidat, Sönke; Tinner, Willy; Tuboltsev, Oleh; Dzhos, Viktor (2022). Chipped Stone Assemblage of the Layer B of the Kamyana Mohyla 1 Site (South-Eastern Ukraine) and the Issue of Kukrek in the North Meotic Steppe Region. Open Archaeology, 8(1), pp. 85-113. De Gruyter 10.1515/opar-2022-0226

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The layer B is one of the lower layers of the long stratigraphic sequence of the Kamyana Mohyla 1 site. The layer B received eight new AMS radiocarbon dates that clarified its chronology: 7950–7300 calibrated years BC. They are in a reasonable correspondence with the dates for lower and upper layers. The lithic assemblage belongs to Kukrek cultural aspect. It is characterized by pencil-like conical cores, Kukrek inserts, Kukrek burins and Dęby burins, nongeometric microliths (oblique points). The assemblage finds close parallels in the sites of Kukrek, Ihren VIII, Melnychna Krucha SU4 and Domchi-Kaia. They can be united into Kukrek sensu stricto cultural unit. The overlying layer C yielded somewhat different complex that finds parallels in the materials of the so-called “Kukrek cultural tradition.” Due to clear stratigraphic position of these units in the Kamyana Mohyla 1 sequence, we are able to differentiate Kukrek sensu stricto and “Kukrek cultural tradition” and suggest their respective chronological positions.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry, Biochemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences (DCBP)
06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of History and Archaeology > Institute of Archaeological Sciences
10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Palaeoecology

UniBE Contributor:

Kiosak, Dmytro; Gobet, Erika; Nielsen-Bigler, Ebbe Holm; Szidat, Sönke and Tinner, Willy

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 540 Chemistry
900 History > 930 History of ancient world (to ca. 499)

ISSN:

2300-6560

Publisher:

De Gruyter

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

12 Apr 2022 18:15

Last Modified:

12 Apr 2022 18:15

Publisher DOI:

10.1515/opar-2022-0226

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Middle Mesolithic; Pontic Steppe; lithic technology; Kukrek inserts; Kukrek burins

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/169169

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/169169

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