Dorsal Bone-Ligament-Bone Reconstruction of Chronic Lunotriquetral Instability: Biomechanical Testing.

Riederer, Janina M; Adler, Tom; Vögelin, Esther; Haug, Luzian (2021). Dorsal Bone-Ligament-Bone Reconstruction of Chronic Lunotriquetral Instability: Biomechanical Testing. Journal of hand surgery global online, 3(1), pp. 47-55. Elsevier 10.1016/j.jhsg.2020.11.001

[img]
Preview
Text
1-s2.0-S2589514120301274-main.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works (CC-BY-NC-ND).

Download (1MB) | Preview

Purpose

Lunotriquetral (LT) instability is uncommon and few biomechanical analyses of the condition exist. For chronic LT instabilities, arthrodesis has long been the treatment of choice but has a high risk for nonunion. The aim of this study was to evaluate an alternative treatment option using a bone-ligament-bone graft in a cadaver model and compare it with a conventional arthrodesis.

Methods

We used 10 cadaveric forearms with different loading positions. We employed computed tomography scans to evaluate the LT joint. Scans were performed with the joint intact after we sectioned the dorsal LT ligament and the palmar LT ligament. The joints were then reconstructed using a bone-ligament-bone graft from the capitate-hamate joint as well as with a compression screw simulating arthrodesis. The joints were then rescanned and 3-dimensional analysis was performed using specialized 3-dimensional software.

Results

Sectioning the dorsal part of LT ligament had little effect on kinematics; however, additional division of the palmar LT ligament resulted in increased mobility. Restoration of physiological kinematics could be partially achieved after bone-ligament-bone reconstruction. Arthrodesis showed increased intercarpal motion in the adjacent scapholunate and lunocapitate joints compared with the bone-ligament-bone reconstruction.

Conclusions

The bone-ligament-bone reconstruction displayed physiologic carpal kinematics in the adjacent joints compared with arthrodesis. It provided enough stability but still some mobility in the LT joint to be able to use it as a treatment modality for chronic LT instability without the risk for nonunion. Decreased intercarpal motion was not statistically significant although there appeared to be a trend toward it.

Type of study/level of evidence

Therapeutic IV.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Plastic and Hand Surgery > Hand Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Plastic and Hand Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Adler, Tom; Vögelin, Esther and Haug, Luzian Carlo Peter

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2589-5141

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

14 Apr 2022 09:32

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 16:18

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jhsg.2020.11.001

PubMed ID:

35415529

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Biomechanical study Bone–ligament–bone reconstruction Lunotriquetral ligament Wrist instability

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/169306

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/169306

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback