Effect of different surface treatments and thermomechanical aging on the ion elution of CAD-CAM materials.

Sert, Murat; Cakmak, Gülce; Subaşı, Meryem Gülce; Donmez, Mustafa Borga; Yilmaz, Burak (2022). Effect of different surface treatments and thermomechanical aging on the ion elution of CAD-CAM materials. (In Press). The journal of prosthetic dentistry Elsevier 10.1016/j.prosdent.2022.03.021

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STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

Dental ceramics have been reported to elute ions when subjected to nonneutral pH. However, the effect of surface treatments and thermomechanical aging on the ion elution of CAD-CAM ceramics is unclear.

PURPOSE

The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the effect of surface treatment (glazed or polished) and thermomechanical aging on the ion elution of CAD-CAM materials before and after 2-body wear simulation.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

Specimens were prepared from 6 CAD-CAM materials-leucite (LC), feldspathic (FP), zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate (ZLS), lithium disilicate (LDS) glass-ceramics, polymer-infiltrated ceramic network (PICN), and zirconia (ZIR)-and divided into 2 groups according to the surface treatments (glazed or polished) (n=6). For baseline ion elution values, specimens were placed into polyethylene bottles containing deionized water (pH 7.4) that had been stored in an incubator for 168 hours at 37 °C. The eluted ions in the immersion solution were measured by using inductively coupled plasma-optic emission spectrophotometry. The specimens were then subjected to thermomechanical aging by using human enamel as an antagonist. After aging, the ion elution of the specimens was remeasured. Ion elution data before and after 2-body wear were analyzed by using the Mann-Whitney U test, while the effect of 2-body wear was assessed by using the Wilcoxon signed rank test (α=.05).

RESULTS

The presence of some ions varied depending on the material-surface treatment pair before (Al, As, B, Ba, Ca, K, Li, Mg, Na, P, and Zn) and after (Al, B, Ba, Ca, Co, Li, Mg, and P) 2-body wear. Polished materials had higher ion elution than the glazed materials before 2-body wear (P≤.041), except for LC (P and Zn) and PICN (Ca, Cu, and K) (P≤.009). After 2-body wear, polished LC (B and Ba), FP (Al, B, and Mg), ZLS (Al, Ba, Ca, and Li), ZIR (B and Ba), glazed PICN (Ca, Mg, and P), ZLS (P), and ZIR (Co) presented higher ion elution than their counterparts (P≤.041). The effect of 2-body wear on the ion elution of polished LC (Al, K), FP (Na), ZLS (Li), LDS (K, Na), PICN (Al, Na), ZIR (Na, Y), glazed LC (Na), FP (Ba, Na), ZLS (B, Ba, Y), LDS (Na), PICN (Y), and ZIR (Na) was nonsignificant (P≥.075). However, the elution of remaining ions showed a significant difference before and after 2-body wear (P≤.046).

CONCLUSIONS

The chemical stability of tested CAD-CAM materials was affected by the 2-body wear. Glazing led to a lower ion elution except for LDS and PICN. While polishing resulted in lower ion elution for PICN, both surface treatments resulted in similar ion elution for LDS.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Preventive, Restorative and Pediatric Dentistry
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Cakmak, Gülce; Dönmez, Mustafa-Borga and Yilmaz, Burak

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1097-6841

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Pubmed Import

Date Deposited:

03 May 2022 10:38

Last Modified:

03 May 2022 10:46

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.prosdent.2022.03.021

PubMed ID:

35491257

BORIS DOI:

10.48350/169700

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/169700

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